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N. E. YOUNG. 



[899 
CONSTITUTION 



AND 



Playing Rules 






OK THK 



NATIONAL LEAGUE 



AND 



AMERICAN ASSOCIATION 



OF 



Professional Bash Ball Clubs 



OFFICIAL IMPLICATION 



Published by 

A. <".. SPALDING & BROS. 

Nk.W VoRK imi ( IHICAGO 



CONSTITUTION 

l u THE 

National League and American Association 



Professional Base Ball Clubs 

1899 

J* 

XAME. 

Section i. (i) This Association shall be called the 
National League and American Association of Profes- 
sional Base Ball Clubs. 

ohjects. 

Sec. 2. The objects of this League are: 

( i ) To perpetuate base ball as the National game of the 
United States, and to surround il with such safeguards as 
to warrant absolute public confidence in its integrity and 
methods. 

(2) To protect and promote the mutual interests of pro- 
fessional base ball clubs and professional base ball players, 
and 

(3) To establish and regulate the professional base ball 
championship of the United States. 

MEMBERSHIP. 
Sec 3. This League shall consist of twelve clubs ( the 
membership of which shall n<>i be increased or diminished 

for a period of leu years) located 111 the following named 

cities, to wit: Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, 
Baltimore, Washington, Pittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis, 
Louisville, Cleveland and Chicago; or such other clubs as 
may, from time to lime, lie elected to membership, as may 
be hereinafter provided for: I'lil in n>> event shall there In- 
more tlnui one club in any city. 

WITHDRAW M. FROM MEMBERSHIP. 
Sec. 4. Any club member of this League finding itself 
unable to meet the obligations it has assumed, shall have 
the right to ask the League for permission to dispose of its 



CONSTITUTION. 



rights and franchises, as a member of the League, to some 
other city or organization. In the event of this League 
giving its consent to the ac< eptance of such city or organi- 
zation to membership, providing said club shall assume, to- 
gether with the rights and franchises of said retiring club, 
all the liabilitii ibilitii and obliga itered 

into by said retiring club, as a member of this League. 
Provided, also, and it must be so understood by the retir- 
ing and the new member, that the retiring club shall not 
be relieved or released from any contracts, responsibilities 
or obligations, entered into by it to this League, until all 
of said contracts, responsibilities and obligations have been 
fully paid and determined by the club accepting its mem- 
bership, rights, franchises, etc. 

ADMISSION TO MEMBERSHIP. 

Sec. 5. No club shall be admitted to membership unless 
it shall first have delivered to the Secretary of the League 
a written application signed by its President and Secretary, 
and accompanied by documents showing that such club 
bears the name of the city in which it is located, and I hat 
it is regularly organized and officered, and, where the State 
law permits it. chartered. Such application shall at 
be transmitted by the Secretary to the Board of Directors. 
who shall immediately investigate and report upon said ap 
plicfltion. said report to be communicated to the League- 
through the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. The voting upon an application for membership 
shall be by ballot, a three-fourths vote being requisite for 

election. 

IN REGARD TO VACANCIES. 

Sec. 7. In case a vacancy occurs in the membership ql 
this organization during the championship season, the Presi- 
dent shall nominate to all the clubs all applicants for mem 
bership; and the vote thereon may be taken by telegraph 

or mail, as occasion may require, and a majority of all the 

clubs will be required to admil any applicant to member- 
ship. Such membership, however, shall continue only until 
the next annual meeting, but such club shall be subject to 
all the rules and requirements of this organization. 
TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP. 
Sec. X. The membership of any club may be terminated — 
1 By resignation duly accepted by a three-fourth 

of all clubs in inly convened, as provided in Sec- 

tion 4. 



CONSTITUTION. 



(2) By failure to present its nine at the time and place 
agreed upon to play any championship game, unless caused 
by unavoidable accident in traveling. 

(3) By allowing open betting or pool selling upon its 
grounds or in any building owned or occupied by it. 

(4) By playing any game of ball with a club that is dis- 
qualified or ineligible under this Constitution. 

(5) By offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to 
lose any game of ball ; or failing to immediately expel any 
player who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing, 
conspiring or attempting to lose any game of ball, or of 
being interested in any pool or wager thereon. 

(6) By disbandment of its organization or club team 
during the championship season. 

(7) By failing or refusing to fulfill its contractual obliga- 
tions. 

(8) By failing or refusing to comply with any lawful re- 
quirement of the Board of Directors. 

(9) By wilfully violating any provision of this Constitu- 
tion, or the legislation or playing rules made in pursuance 
thereof, or any violation of the provisions of the National 
Agreement. 

THE EXPULSION OF CLUBS. 

Sec. o. To carry in the provisions of Section 8 of 

this Constitution, the facts in any ease covered by such sec- 
tion must be reported to the Secretary of the League, who 
shall at once notify, by mail or telegraph, the party charged 
with the specified default: or offense and inquire whether 
any dispute exists as to the facts alleged. In case the facts 
are disputed, the Board shall, .after due notice, try the case 

under such regulations as they may prescribe; and their 
finding shall be final and conclusive on all parties except in 
of expulsion, when such finding shall be forwarded to 
each club, which shall transmit to the Secretary written 
ballots "For Expulsion" or Against Expulsion": and if 
all clubs vote "for Expulsion the Secretary shall notify 
all clubs of the forfeiture of membership of the party 
charged. 

DUES AND ASSESSMENTS. 

SEC 10. (1 ) Each club shall pay to the Secretary, on or 
- tin: first day of April of each year, the sum of $100 
as annual dues ; and such other sums as from time to time 
may be assessed for the payment of salaries of officers and 
umpires, and for such other expert iv be incurred 

by order of this League or the Hoard of Directors. Also 



CONSTITUTION. 



all fines and penalties imposed by said League or its Board 
of Directors upon a club or upon any club officer, player, 
manager, scorer, or other employe when so levied and im- 
posed by virtue of, and in accordance with, tbe provisions 
of tins Constitution and tbe playing rules of this League. 

(2) Upon conviction of any of the offenses prescribed in 
Section 8, as causes for expulsion, tbe Board of Directors 
may, in the first instance, as a preliminary to, or in lieu of 
expulsion, impose such a line as is in their judgment com- 
mensurate with tbe injury; which fine may include a pen- 
alty payable to any other club or clubs, as an equivalent 
for damages sustained for such violation of this Constitu- 
tion, or of tbe legislation or contracts made in pursuance 
thereof. 

OFFICERS. 

Sec. 11. At its annual meeting tbe League shall elect a 
President-Secretary-Treasurer and Board of Directors. 
Tbe President shall be ex-offkio Chairman of tbe Board of 
Directors. He shall report to the Hoard of Directors any 
violation of tbe provisions of this Constitution that may 
come to bis knowledge. He shall In- the sole interpreter 
of tlic playing rules during the championship season. H< 
shall preside at all the meetings of the League, and at the 
annual meeting of tbe League shall act as a schedule com- 
mittee, unless said meeting shall otherwise direct. 

Should tbe office of President become vacant by death, 
resignation, or removal, tbe Board of Directors shall, within 
thirty days thereafter, elect a President. 

THE SECRETARY'S DUTIES. 

Sec. 12. Tbe Secretary shall be tbe Treasurer of the 
League, and as such shall lie tbe custodian of all fund of 
tbe League; receive all dues, fees and assessments; maki 

such payments, as shall be ordered by the Board or by tbe 

of the League, and render annually a report of bis ae 
counts; and be shall give such bond, with approved sure- 
lies, as the Board may require. 

Sec i.l. The Secretary shall have tbe custody and care of 
the official records and papers of the League: shall keep a 
true record <<i all meetings of (be League and tbe Board; 
shall issue all official notices, and attend to tbe necessarj 
correspondence; be shall also prepare and furnish such re- 
ports as may be called for by tbe Board, and shall bi 
titled to such books, stationery, blanks and materials as the 
actual duties of bis office may require. 






it ri ri'KiN. 7 

Sec. 14. The Secretary shall keep a record of all infrac- 
tions of the rules and regulations of the League that may 
come under his notice, and shall make a report on the same 
to the Board at its next meeting. 

Sec. 15. The Secretary shall receive such salary as the 
Board, by vote, shall determine, and shall be reimbursed 
for all traveling expenses actually incurred by him in the 
service of the League; and the Board may exact from him 
such guarantees for the faithful performance of his duties 
as they would deem for the interest and safety of the 
League. At the expiration of his term of office he shall ac- 
count for, and deliver up to the Hoard, all the property and 
papers which may have come into his hands by virtue of 
his office. 

Sec. 16. The Board of Directors shall consist of the 
President and six other members, to lie chosen at the an- 
nual meeting by ballot, three of whom shall represent the 
Eastern clubs and three the Western clubs. 

Sec. 17. In case of vacancy in the Board by reason of the 
death, resignation, absence, or disqualification of any Di- 
rector, the club of which he was a member, at the time he 
was chosen, shall designate his successor, and at once 
notify the Secretary. Hut if such vacancy is caused by the 
withdrawal, disbanding, or disqualification of a club repre- 
sented on the Board, the Board may fill the vacancy by 
election in the same manner as provided for the election of 
Directors in Section 12. 

QUALIFICATIONS OK DIRECTORS. 

Sec. 18. No person shall be qualified to act as Director 
who is not an actual member of the club he represent-.; nor 
shall any club, under any circumstances, be represented by 
more than one person on the Hoard <>i Directors, nor shall 
any Director sit in the trial of a cause in which his club is 
interested. 

Sec. 19. The Board shall meet annually on the morning of 
the second Tuesday in December, at l_> o'clock noon, at the 
place where the annual meeting of the League is to he held, 

but may hold special meetings whenever urgent necessity 
may require. 

Sec. jo. The Board shall ">repare a detailed report of all 
their doings, and present the same in writing to the League 
at its annual meeting; which report shall, if accepted, be 
filed with the Secretary; together with all official papers, 
documents and property, which may have come into their 

Mon by virtue of their offii 



I 



CONSTITUTION. 



Sec. 21. The Board shall have a general supervision and 
management of all the affairs and business of the League, 
including the award of the championship and such other 
duties expresscdly or impliedly conferred upon them by 
this Constitution, or by legislation made in pursuance 
thereof. It shall be the sole and exclusive tribunal for the 
trial of managers or players for any violation of this Con- 
stitution or of the playing rules or other rules of discipline, 
unless the League, by a three-fourths vote of its club mem- 
bership, shall otherwise direct. It shall be the sole and ex- 
clusive tribunal to hear and determine disputes between 
clubs; complaints by a club against the manager or player 
of another club, or by a manager or player against his own 
club, or an appeal by a player against fine, suspension 01 
expulsion by his own club, and generally for the adjudica- 
tion of all issues of law or fact arising out of this Con- 
stitution ; the Playing Rules and other legislation made in 
pursuance thereof. 

Sec. 22. The Board shall adopt such regulations, and 
such rules of procedure for the hearing and determination 
of all disputes and complaints brought before them. 
Where such dispute is in relation to a game alleged to have 
< en played in violation of this Constitution or of the Play- 
ing Rules, the complaint and accompanying proofs must be 
filed within five days after the date of said game with the 
President of the Board, who shall send a copy of the same 
to the other clubs, with orders to file its answer within five 
days thereafter. The President of the Board shall in the 
first instance decide the dispute on its merits and forthwith 
communicate his decision to both clubs, either of which may 
within five days appeal from said decision to the full Board. 
Said decision, together with all other documents and proofs, 
shall thereupon be transmitted for a mail vote to the differ 
ent members of the Board. The finding of the Board skull 
be final, and under no circumstances shall be reconsidered, 
reopened or inquired into, either by the League or any sub- 
sequent Board. 

Sec. 23. The Board shall at once consider any complaint 
preferred by a club against a manager or player of another 
club (prior to the expiration of the championship season ) 
for conduct in violation of any provision of this Constitu- 
tion, or prejudicial to the good repute of the game of base 
ball; and shall have power to require the club, to which 
such player or manager may belong, to discipline him, and 
upon repetition of such offense to expel him. Provided 






coNsTrrui'ioN. 



that such complaint be preferred in writing, giving such 
particulars as may enable the Board to ascertain all the 
facts, and such particulars shall be transmitted to the 
Secretary, by whom it shall at once be referred to the 
Board. 

Sec. 24. In case a player, under contract with a League 
club, shall, during a current season, prefer a complaint in 
writing to the Secretary of the League against such a club, 
alleging that such club is in arrears to him for salary for 
more than fifteen days after such salary became due on ac- 
count of such contract, the Secretary shall at once transmit 
to the said club a copy of such complaint, and require an 
answer thereto. On receipt of such answer, or if five days 
shall have elapsed without the receipt of an answer, the 
Secretary shall refer the papers in the case to the Board of 
Directors, and should the Board find the player's complaint 
sustained, they shall require the club, under penalty of for- 
feiture of its membership, to pay to the player forthwith 
the full amount ascertained to be due him. Provided that 
should the player refuse to serve the club pending action 
by the Board on his complaint, he will thereby forfeit the 
benefits of the award, and in such case the Board shall re- 
voke his award. 

Sec. 25. The Board shall promptly hear an appeal made 
by any person who shall have been expelled, suspended, or 
disciplined by his club. Such person shall, within thirty 
days after the date of the expulsion, suspension, or dis- 
cipline, file with the Secretary a written statement of his 
defense, accompanied by a request that an appeal be al- 
lowed him. The Secretary shall notify the club of the re- 
quest for an appeal, accompanying such notice with a copy 
of the appeal ; and at the next meeting of the Board the 
club, by its duly authori tive; and the appel- 

lant in person, by attorney or by written statement, shall 
appear before the Board with their testimony. The Board 
shall impartially hear the matter and render their decision, 
which shall be final and forever binding on both club and 
player. 

Sec. 26. The Board shall have authority to impose any 
just fine or pecuniary penalty on a club, a manager or a 
player, if warranted by their findings and decisions, and 
they may impose the expenses of trials and hearings on one 
or both parties to the controversy. But such fine, penalty 
and expenses may be remitted by a three-fourths vote of 
the League upon appeal duly made and heard at an annual 
ar special meeting. 



IO 



CONSTITUTION. 



INDIVIDUAL CLUB CONTROL. 

Sec. 27. Each club shall have the right to regulate its 
own affairs; to establish its own rules, and to discipline, 
punish, suspend or expel its own manager, players or other 
employes, and these powers shrill not be limited to cases of 
dishonest play or open insubordination; but shall include 
all questions of carelessness, indifference or other conduct 
of the player that may be regarded by the club as preju- 
dicial to its interests, and not in conflict with any pro- 
vision of this Constitution; or the Playing Rules of this 
League. 

PUNISHMENT OF SCANDALOUS CONDUCT. 

Sec. 28. The President of the League shall have power, 
upon proper proof, to suspend for a definite period and to 
impose a fine not exceeding $200 upon any League man- 
ager or player guilty, in public, of gross misbehavior, in- 
cluding intoxication, fighting, quarreling, indecency, or 
other scandalous conduct, whether on or off the playing 
field, during the season, where the same is. in his opinion, 
calculated to bring disrepute upon the National League or 
National Game. Such fine can only be remitted by the 
Board of Directors after a hearing upon appeal duly prose- 
cuted. 

CLUB TERRITORIAL RIGHTS. 

Sec 29. Every club of this League shall have exclusive 
control of the city in which it is located, and of the terri- 
tory surrounding such city, to the extent of five miles in 
every direction from its corporate limits; and no visiting 
League club shall, under any circumstances, be allowed to 
play any club in such territory other than the League club 
therein located, without the consent of the local League 
club. 

ON RESERVATION OF PLAYERS. 

Sec. 30. Each club a member of this League shall be en- 
titled to the right of reservation. On or before the 30th 
day of September in each year each club shall transmit to 
the Secretary a reserve list of the players, not exceeding 
eighteen, whose services it desires to retain, and who are 
then under contract to the said club for the current or for 
any succeeding season or seasons; and in addition thereto 
the names of such players reserved in any prior annual list 
who have refused to contract with said club. Such players, 
together with all others thereafter to be regularly con- 
tracted with, shall be ineligible to contract with any other 



[ON. 



II 






I 



club in this League except as hereinafter provided. No 
club shall have the right to reserve any player when in ar- 
rears of salary to him. The Secretary shall promulgate 

Mich lists. 

NEGOTIATING FOU SERVICES. 

Sec. 31. No player, without the consent of the club with 
which he is under contract or reservation, shall enter into 
negotiations with any other club for future services. 

.TRACTS. 

Sec. 32. Contracts made between a club and its players 
may lie either by telegram or writing, to be followed within 
thirty days thereafter by a contract in the form approved 
and promulgated by the Secretary to all the clubs of the 
League. 

Sec. 33. The League shall adopt such form of contract as 
it may deem best for the protection of the rights of the 
parties thereto. All contracts must be approved by the 
Secretary, and duly promulgated by him. The ten days' 
release, provided for in the seventeenth paragraph of the 
League form of contract, shall begin to run from the time 
of notice thereof received by the Secretary of the League, 
who shall, at once, promulgate the same to all club mem- 
bers. At the expiration of said ten days the player, so re- 
leased, shall be eligible to contract with the releasing club, 
or any other club member. 

SUSPENSION AMI EXPULSION OF PLAYERS. 

Sec. 34. Any player, while under contract with, or reser- 
vation by, a League club, who shall, without the consent of 
such club, enter the service of any other club in any ca- 
pacity, shall be liable to expulsion by said League club. 
Whenever a club releases a manager or player without no- 
tice, or gives him ten days' notice of release in accordance 
with the terms of his contract, or suspends or expels a 
manager or player, that club shall at once notify the Secre- 
tary of this League, staling, in case of release, the date 
when the same takes effect, and in case of suspension or 
expulsion, the cause thereof. 

SEC. 35. No manager or player, who has been suspended 
or expelled from a League club, shall at any time thereafter 
be allowed to play with, or serve in any capacity, any 
League club (either the one expelling him or any other) 
unless the term of suspension by the club has expired, or, 
upon his appeal to this League, such expulsion or SUSpen 
sion shall have been set aside. 



HTUTION. 



EFFECT OF CLUB DISBANDMENT, 

Sec. 36. The disbandment of a League club, or its with- 
drawal from or loss of League membership, shall operate 
as a release of its players from contract and reservation 
with said club, but the right to contract with and reserve 
said players shall be subject to transfer to such other club 
as the League may designate after acceptance of their said 
services. 

PLAYING WITH OUTSIDE CLUBS. 

Sec. yj. No game of base ball shall be played between a 
League club and any other club that has been expelled from 
membership in this League. No game of ball shall be 
played between a League club and any other club employing 
or presenting in its nine a player expelled, or under sus- 
pension from the League, or otherwise rendered ineligible 
by this League or a club member thereof. No game of ball 
shall be played by a League club during the championship 
season except those provided for by the regularly adopted 
schedule. 

"crookedness" and its penalties. 

Sec. 38. Any person who shall be proven guilty of offer- 
ing, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to cause any g; 

of ball to result otherwise than on its merits under the 
I 'laying Rules, shall be forever disqualified by the Presi- 
dent of the League from acting as umpire, manager, player 
or in any other capacity in a>ty game of ball participated in 
by a League club, unless such disqualification shall be re- 
moved by a three-fourths vote of the League. 
UMPIRES. 

Sec. 39. A staff of League Umpires and Assistants shall 
be selected by the Secretary before- the opening of the regu- 
lar season. 

I. Each application shall set forth, under oath, the age, 
residence, sobriety, experience, and such other qualifica- 
tions of the applicant as may be prescribed on forms pre- 
pared by the Secretary, endorsed by well known gentlemen 
intimately acquainted with the applicant. 

Independent of such endorsements, however, the Secre- 
tary shall make inquiries and post himself, as far as practi- 
cable, as to the merits and qualifications of each applicant. 

II. A list of all approved applicants shall be enumerated 
in the order of their merit. Numbers 1 to 6 .-hall consti- 
tute the six Umpires and numbers 7 to 12 the six Assistant 
Umpires, and will receive the regular assignments to duty, 



nmmw 



i ■ . ■ 



13 



while numbers 13, 14. 15, ei sequitur, will constitute the 
Waiting List and will be held to till vacancies occurring 
cither temporarily or permanently. Preference shall be 
given to Assistant Umpires to fill vacancies occurring 
among Umpires. 

III. They shall be paid such salaries and allowed such 
expenses as may be mutually agreed upon by contract be- 
tween them and the Secretary of the League, subject to 
the approval of the Hoard of Directors of the League. 

I'm at least ten per cent, of current salaries shall be 
withheld by the Secretary until the termination of his con- 
tract for that season to secure such deductions for ab- 
sences and the payment of such fines as may be lawfully 
sed. 

IV. In the event of the failure of Umpires or Assistant 
Umpires to umpire a game assigned to them, it shall be the 
duty of the Secretary to provide a substitute to umpire such 
game: and in such case there shall be deducted from the 
next annual payment to the League Umpire or Assistant 
Umpire the sum of twelve dollars for each game assigned 
to him, which for any reason he shall have failed to umpire. 

V. It shall be the duty of each League club to accept as 
Umpires for any championship game such League Uin, 

1 (ant Umpires, or substitutes as the Secretary shall 
assign to such game. In the event of the non-appearance 
th League Umpires or substitutes at the hour appoint- 
ed for the beginning of the game, each Club Captain shall 
then select one of the substitute players of the opposing 
club, and the two players thus selected shall be the duly 
authorized Umpires for that game. 

VI. It shall be the duty of Umpires and Assistant Um- 
pires to enforce the rules as they are written, regardless of 
personal opinion as to their merits, subject to the Si 
tary's instructions as to their proper interpretation. They 

h.ill familiarize themselves with these sections of the Con- 
stitution: obey all orders of the Secretary, assigning their 
services and wear such uniform on the Playing Field as he 
may designate. 

SUPERVISOR 01.' UMPIRES, 

Sec. 40. A Supervisor of Umpires may be chosen by the 
League at an annual or special meeting to serve for one 
year miles- sooner removed by the League or the Board 
of Directors for incompetency, malfeasance in office, or 
other just cause. I lis compensation shall be fixed by the 
League prior to his acceptance of the offii 



T 






14 



C0NSI 1 I UTION. 



I. He shall supervise and inspect the work and conduct 
the Umpires and Assistant Umpires and report fre- 
quently to the Secretary as to their efficiency and fidelity. 

II. All complaints against Umpires and Assistant Um- 
pires shall be referred to him for investigation. Com- 
plaints as to errors of judgment on questions of play will 
ordinarily require little consideration, but if repeatedly 
made and from various sources against the same Umpire 
or Assistant Umpire so as to indicate incompetency, then 
the Supervisor shall proceed to collect all available evi- 
dence on the subject and verify it, if possible by his own 
personal observation, and report the facts and his views 
thereon, to the Secretary, who may suspend or remove 

.such Umpire or Assistant Umpire and substitute the next 
in order on the Waiting List. If a complaint be for error 
of interpretation of the Playing Rules the evidence shall be 
collected, the alleged offender furnished with a copy there- 
of, which with his statement in reply, together with the 
Supervisor's views thereon, shall be submitted to the Secre- 
tary for such action as he may deem fit and appropriate. 

If the complaint be for a wilful violation nt tins Consti- 
tution or of the Playing Rules, or for neglect or refusal to 
enforce any of said rules, or for any improper or ungentle 
manly language or conduct while officiating as an Umpire 
or \ssistant Umpire, then, after collecting all the evidence 
by affidavits, or otherwise, lie shall make a personal in- 
vestigation of the truth of the complaint in the city where 
it originated, and elsewhere if necessary, giving both 
a hearing and reporting his finding to the Secretary. 

If such finding sustain the complaint, the Secretary shall 
inflict a penalty of at least Fifty Dollars upon the offender, 
and may also suspend or remove him, as the aggravation of 
the offense justifies, and substitute in his place the next in 
order on the Waiting List. 

PLAYING Rl 1 i 

Sec. 41. This League shall adopt such playing rules as il 
us best for the conduct of its business. 

THE CHAMPIONSHIP. 

SEC. 4J. The championship of the United States, cstab 
lished by this League, shall be contended for yearly by the 
clubs composing the League. 

Sec. 43. The championship season shall extend from such 
date in April or May to such date in September or October 



C0NS1 ri (JTION. 



rn 



as the League may determine at its stated or special meet- 
ing. 

Sec. 44. Every game played between two clubs from the 
commencement of the championship season to the comple- 
tion of the championship series between such clubs shall be 
a game for the championship, and no League club shall 
lend or exchange players to or with each other for any 
game played during the championship season. Any viola- 
tion of this section shall subject each offender to a fine 
of $100. 

Sec 45. Each club shall play twelve or more champion- 
ship games with every other club; but a tie or draw game 
or a game prevented by rain or other causes shall be played 
off on the same ground on the next or a succeeding date of 
the same or subsequent series, whether open or scheduled 
for another game between the same clubs, thus compelling 
double games for said scheduled date. If, however, both 
series shall have terminated, such postponed game must be 
played off on the ground of the other club on a date open 
or scheduled during a subsequent series between the same 
clubs. 

Sec. 46. Each club shall have half of the championship 
scries 01 games with every cither club played on its grounds. 
except as otherwise provided in Section 45 ; and in all the 
details of such games, that do not involve the rights of the 
visiting club under the playing rules, but relate solely to 
such games as attractive exhibitions to the patrons of the 
home club, the visiting club shall defer to the wishes of the 
home club; provided, nevertheless, that the home club shall 
not be permitted to change the usual hour for the com- 
mencement of scheduled games in its particular city more 
than thirty (30) minutes without first having obtained the 
consent of the visiting club thereto, under a penalty to the 
visiting club of $500. The visiting club shall furnish to a 
person designated by the home club the batting order of its 
nine by 10 o'clock on the morning of the day of each game, 
or the evening previous, if requested. In case of the failure 
(if any visiting club to furnish the hatting order of its nine 
as herein stipulated, it shall forfeit the sum of $10, wdiich 
amount shall be immediately transmitted to the Secretary 
of the League, upon the receipt of notice from him of the 
infliction of such line, which notice shall be given by the 
Secretary upon receipt of complaint from the home club. 

It shall he the duty of the home club to furnish the man- 
ager and captain of the visiting club with a list of the bat- 
ting order before the commencement of the game under 



16 



i I I i i (ON. 



similar penalties for default as herein prescribed. The vis 
iting club shall have the right l<> practise its nine on the 
grounds of the home club between II and 12 o'clock A. M. 
on each day of its visit during the championship season. 

the CHAMPIONSHIP schedule. 

Sec. 47. All championship patties shall be arranged in a 
written schedule incpared by the Schedule Committee, and 
reported to and adopted by the League by a three-fourths 
vote before the beginning of the championship season. The 
schedule shall provide for an equal number of return 
games, and shall specify the date of each game and the date 
of each series of games. No date in said schedule shall 
subsequently be changed, except ( 1 ) by written agreement 
of two dubs from a date fixed by the schedule for a game 
between such clubs to an open date on the same grounds; 
or (2) as provided in Section 45 ; or (3) by the written 
ent of three- fourths of all the League clubs. 

Any club or clubs violating this section shall be amenable 
to a penalty of $1,000. Said penalty to be paid within 
forty-eight hours to the Treasurer of the National League 
and American Association, or if not 50 paid to be withheld 
from any funds to their credit in the hands of the Treas 
tirer. All games played in violation of this section shall 
not count in the championship series. 

THE ADMISSION FEES AND RECEIPTS. 

Sec. 48. The general admission fee to all championship 
games shall be fifty (50) cents, but each club shall desig- 
nate a part of its grounds, and provide seats thereon, the 
admission fee to which shall be twenty-five (25) cents, and 
all division of percentages shall be made on tie 
fifty (50) cents, except as to that part of the grounds the 
admission fee 10 which is fixed at twenty-five (25) cent-. 
and as to such part of -.aid grounds all divisions of per- 
centage shall be on the basis .if twenty-five cents. 

At the conclusion of each championship game the hone 
club shall deliver to the manager of the visiting club (and 
shall transmit by mail to the President or other designated 
official of the visiting club a duplicate of the same) a slate 
mem of the receipts of said game, which must include all 
fifty-cent and twenty five cent admissions, and shall pay to 
the visiting club fifty per centum of said receipts. 

Sm , 49. Out of the funds of this League now in the hands 

of the Secretary he shall create a Sinking Fund not to ex- 

$I2,O0O, which shall be invested 111 Government bonds. 



CONSUITUT10N. 



17 



All other funds shall be placed in the treasury to meet car 
rent expenses. 

THE TURNSTILE COUNT. 

Sec. so. The number of persons admitted to the grounds 
shall be determined by the use of the necessary number of 

self-registering turnstiles, the arms of which shall extend 
within four inches of a dividing partition, the keys of which 
shall he delivered to the agent of the visiting club hefore 
the opening of the grounds for each game; and said .agent 
of the visiting club shall have full access to such turnstile, 
and the box of such turnstile shall not be removed until 
after the close of the seventh innings, and in case a car- 
riage gate is used a ticket for each person admitted through 
such gate shall at once he delivered to the agent of the 
visiting club. No person shall be admitted free to the 
grounds during or prior to such game or the hour appointed 
therefor, excepting only players of contesting clubs, police 
men in uniform, the Umpires and the necessary employes 
of the home club, and representatives of newspapers pub- 
li ihed in some other city in which a League club is located; 
such representative to be identified by holding a ticket 
signed by the President of the League and countersigned 
by the President of the club located in the city where the 
paper represented is published. The visiting club shall 
have the right to accept the turnstile count for each and 
all games, or to count all tickets. Each club shall be re- 
quired to use for its business substantial pasteboard tick- 
ets, which can be readily counted. 

GROUND ENTRANCES, 
Sec. 51. No club shall he allowed to have more than four 
entrances to its grounds except Upon holidays, but for all 
such days the visiting club shall be given at least ten days' 
notice of the whole number and location of additional en- 
trances ; pn>\ ided, however, emergency gates may be opened 
by consent of the visiting club if occasion requires. 

STOPPING I'l.AV TO CATCH TRAINS. 

Sec. 52. On any day when either club is required to leave 
a city to. or in order to reach another city in time, where it 
heduled to play its next game, the home club shall be 
compelled upon proper notice by the visiting club to begin 
the game three hours and a half before the time of tin- de 
parture of the last train by means of which cither club can 
reach the next scheduled point in time. And either club 
may leave the field at any time within one hour of said 



i8 



i ITUTION. 



train tiir.c without forfeiting any rights or privileges, pro 
vided five innings on each side have been played, and the 
Umpire shall he the sole judge of the time. 

GIVING OUT ADMISSION CHECKS. 
Sec. 53. In the event of a game heing stopped by rain or 
declared forfeited before completion of five innings, the 
home club may issue admission cheeks good for the next 
succeeding game. If such checks arc so issued the visiting 
club shall not be entitled to ils percentage of receipts; hut 
if such checks are not issued, the visiting club shall be en- 
titled to its percentage of receipts, precisely as if the game 
had been fully played. 

FORFEITED GAMES. 

Sec. 54. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games — to 
count in its series as games won by a score of nine runs to 
none — in case where the Umpire in any championship game 
shall award the game to such club on account of the viola- 
tion by the contesting club of any section of this Constitu- 
tion or of any Playing Rule; and in the event of such for- 
feiture being caused by the withdrawal of the players dur- 
ing the progress of the game, or by a failure to report with 
its team at the time fixed for the game, unless written no 
tice has been received from the home club that the game 
cannot be played, then such forfeiting club shall incur a 
penalty of one thousand dollars, and in the event of for- 
feiture for any other cause, five hundred dollars, which 
shall be payable to the Secretary of the League within ten 
days thereafter for the use and benefit of the non-offending 
club, but said fine may he remitted Or modified upon appeal 
to and a hearing by the Board of Directors. In addition to 
the penalty above referred to, the captain or manager, or 
the person in charge of the offending team and responsible 
fur the team leaving the field, shall incur a penalty of one 
hundred dollars, which shall he paid within five days to the 
Secretary of the League, said penalty not to he remitted 
under any circumstances. In case such penalties are not 
paid within the time named, the club and player cannot 
participate in a championship game. 
DRAWN GAMES. 

Sec. 55. Drawn, tie and postponed games shall not count 
in the series as games (hut any game of not less than five 
innings shall be included in the averages), hut must be 
played off. if possible, as provided in Section 45, If they 
cannot be played off. as therein provided, they may subse- 



CONST] I UTION. 



1') 



quently be played off, if sufficient time exists before the 
close of the season. 

Double games for one admission shall not be permitted 
unless previously scheduled as such or rendered compul- 
sory by the playing off of postponed games, as provided in 
Section 45. 

WINNING Till-. PENNANT. 

Sec. 56. The club which shall have won the greatest per 
centage of games in the championship series, shall be de- 
clared the champion club of the United States for the sea 
son in which such games were played. In the event thai 
two or more clubs shall have won the same percentage of 
games, then the Board shall at once arrange a special series 
of three games between any two of such clubs, such games 
to be played at the close of the championship season, and 
the games so played shall be included in the championship 
record, and counted in determining the award of the cham- 
pionship. In such case only the provisions of this Con- 
stitution prohibiting the playing or recording as champion- 
ship games, games played after the expiration of the chard 
pionship Season, shall have no effect. The emblem of the 
championship shall be a pennant (of the National colors) 
to cost not less than one hundred dollars ($100). It shall 
be inscribed with the motto, "Champion Base Ball Club of 
the United States." with the name of the club and the year 
in which the title was won. and the champion club shall be 
entitled to fly the pennant until the close of the ensuing 
year. 

mi 1 [DING THE CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Sec. 57. The championship shall be decided in the follow- 
ing manner : 

Within twenty-four hours after every match game played 
for tin- championship, the home club shall prepare and for- 
ward to the Secretary of the League a statement containing 
the full score of the game, according to the system specified 
in the I Maying Rules, together with the elate, the place 
where played, the names of the clubs and Umpire, provided 
that no tie or drawn game shall be considered a game for 
any purpose except the averages; and provided, further. 
that in any case where the Secretary shall not receive the 
score of a championship game within live days after the 
playing of such game, the club whose duty it is to forward 
such score shall pay to the League the sum of $2 as the 
penalty of such default 



20 



CONSI I ! l riON. 



At the close of the season the Secretary shall prepare a 
tabular statement of the games won and lost hy each club, 
according to the statement so sent him, which Statement 
shall he the sole evidence in the matter, and submit tin 1 
same, with the statements so sent him, to the Board, who 
shall make the award in writing and report the same to the 
League at it^ annual meeting. 

In making the award the Board shall consider: 

( 1 ) The tabular statement of the Secretary. 

(2) Forfeited games. 

(3) Games participated in hy clubs which have with- 
drawn, disbanded, or forfeited their membership without 
completing their championship series with all other League 
clubs: such games shall be counted to the following extent: 
The Board shall ascertain the least number of championship 
games played by such club with any club remaining in the 
League, and shall from the first game participated in during 
the championship series by such retired club, count in the 
series of each League club a similar number of games, and 
all other games participated in by such retired club shall 
no! In- counted in the championship series. Provided, that 
if such retired club shall have failed to play at least one 
championship game with every League club, all games par- 
ticipated in by it shall he thrown out entirely. 

.MEETINGS. 

Sec. 58. The annual meeting of the League shall be held 
on the second Tuesday in December of each year, at 2 
o'clock I'. M.j and at such places as shall have been deter- 
mined by a vote at the previous annual meeting. 

Sec. 59. Special meetings may be called by the President 
nf this League on his own option or on the written call of 
six clubs. 

( 1. 11: REPRESENTATION, 

Sec. 60. At such meeting each club shall be represented 
and shall be entitled to two representatives, and to have in 
addition thereto any <>f its officers or ex-officers present at 
such meeting; but no club shall be permitted to send as a 
representative any person under contract or engagement as 
a ball player or manager, and belonging to the nine of said 
club in such capacity. They shall, if requested by any other 
club representative, present a certificate of their appoint- 
ment duly attested by at least two officers of their club 
showing their authority to act, but no club shall have more 
than one vote. 



CONSTI I l I lo.N. 



EXECUTIVE SESSIO 

Sec. 6l. This League may, upon a majority vote of its 
members, elect to go into executive session for the trans- 
action of its business, and during such session no club shall 
be entitled to more than two representatives. 

QUORUM. 

Sec. 62. A representation of a majority of clubs shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a 
less number may adjourn from time to lime until a quorum 
is obtained. When obtained it may be maintained by lock 
ing the doors of the meeting room, the appointment of doOl 
keepers and such other procedures usual in parliamentary 
bodies to maintain quorums and dispatch business. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

Sec. 63. The following shall be the order of business, 
unless suspended by a three-fourths vote of the club mem- 
bers : 

I. Reading Minutes of last meeting. 

_'. Report of Board of 1 (irectors. 

3. Report of Committees. 

4. Election of new members. 

5. Amendment of Constitution. 

6. Amendment of Playing Rules. 

7. Election of Officers. 

X. Miscellaneous business, 
g. Adjournment. 

amendments. 

SEC 04. (i ) The Constitution of this League may be al- 
tered or amended by a three-fourths vote of tin- League (it 
any annual meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any other 
time. Provided, however, that this section and Sections 
3, X, 48 and 49 shall not be altered or amended except by a 
unanimous vote of this League. 

(2) Any section of this Constitution may be suspended 

or its provisi mule non-applicable by unanimous vote at 

a League meeting. 



NATIONAL AGKEEM EOT. 

NATIONAL AGREEMENT 

Of Professional Base Ball Associations Adopted by the National 
Board of Arbitration February 24, 1 896. 



The National Agreement of 



NAME. 
Article 1. This Instrument shall be called * 
Professional Base Ball Associations.* 1 

OBJECTS. 

ARTICLE 2. The objects of this Agreement are : 

1. To perpetuate base ball as the national game of America, and to sur- 
round it with such safeguai arrant absolute public confidence in it: 
integrity and methods. 

2. To promote and afford protection to such minor Professional Base Ball 
Leagues and Associations as may desire to operate under its provisions. 

THE GOVERNING POWER. 

Article 3. The governing power under this Agreement, which shall be 
called " The National Board of Arbitration," shall be vested in six repre- 
sentatives selected by the National League and American Association of 
Professional Base Pall Clubs (nereinafl ■! the Major League), and 

BUCh representatives from minor Organizations Of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs (hereinafter designated Minor Leagues) as maybe admitted to mem 
bership by the National Board of Arbitration from time to time under the 
rules governing membership. 

THE ANN' \l- Mill ING. 
1 e annual meeting of the National Board shall be he] 
econd 1 n year, ai which time the repi 

tatives elected by the major League shall elect a President, Secretaj 
iard. 
DUTIES AND AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL BOARD. 
Article 5. — 1. The gen f this Agreement, thi 

of rights thereunder, the detenninati ntroversies as hereinafter 

provided and generally thi f all things within the scope ol this 

Agreement are each and severally conferred upon and committed to the 
National Board of Arbitral 

2. The Board may adopt rules and regulations prescribing the dut) 

ml all of its members and officers, its methods i.ire and the 

ral transaction of its busim .. 

3. It shall be tin: duty of the Hoard and it shall have full and final juris- 
1 ■ 1 hi ; 

To hear and determine all disputes and 
and clubs; between one club and another, members of the same 
different associations; b - ; ers or managers, and, in 

addition thereto, all disputes and complaints arising under and of all matters 
involving the interpretation of the National >r the disposition of 

the rights thereunder, and may hold special meetings for these purposes 
when required. The Board shall have power also to pass upon any question 



NA I tONAL AGREEMENT. 

I before it by a club member or members of any organization, where 
unjust discrimination has been made against any club or clubs, and, If upon 
a hearing, the Board finds that such charge or charges are true, it shall have 
the power to impose such fines or penalties as ii deems proper, or to forfeit 
and terminate the privileges of such organization under this agreement, 
POWER TO I \if< i »E FINES. 

4. In the performance of its duties the Hoard shall have power to impose 
fines or penalties upon associations, clubs, club officers, players, managers, 

scorers and umpires, and to suspend any such organization or person from 
the protection and privileges of the National Agreement in any instance in 
which, in its opinion, it or he shall have been guilty of conduct detriment*! I 
to the general welfare of the game or in violation of the letter or spirit of the 
National Agreement. 

DECISION PINAL. 

5. Its decision shall be final over any and all matters within its jurisdic- 
tion. 

REINSTATEMENTS. 

6. It may reinstate any person or body suspended. 

ASSESSMENTS. 

7. It shall have power to make such reasonable assessments upon clubs OT 
associations as maybe necessary to defray the expenses Incidental to the 
performance of its duties and the enforcement of this Agreement. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

8. It may make all orders, rules and regulations for the performance of its 
duties and the exercise of its power, and to accomplish the purpose is 

may amend and supplement the same from time to time ; provided, notice 
of all changes, amendments or supplements be given to all organizations 
party I Blent. 

DECISIONS PROMULGA1 BD, 

8, It may cause its proceedings or rulings, or any part thereof, in any case 
.... hh h may be deemed of sufficient Importance to serve as a precedent, to be 
published in such a manner as m : | ret ribed. 

PRESENTATION OF claims. 

10. Whenever any body or persons shall desire to submit any matter for 
the consideration of the Board, il shall be presented to the chairman by a 

COndse Statement thereof) and accompanied by such evidence as may be in 
Support of such statement. Notice shall be given to any other body or per- 
son interested in the matter to make answer and to present appropriate evi- 
dence in support thei 

MINOR LEAGUE MEMBERSHIP. 
Article d. An application for membership and protection under this 
Agreement must be made in writing or by telegraph to the Secretary of the 
Board. If made by telegraph it must state the name of the League, thi 
comprising the circuit and have ; Pi lent of the I 

which must be followed within ten days by u written application to the Sec- 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



retary of the Board stating the name of the League, the cities comprising 
the circuit, the representatives of the respective cities, the location of their 
business offices and playing grounds, if practical, the monthly salary limit 
for its club team* and maximum monthly salary limit of its players, a pledge 
'•ment for the maintenance of said salary limit and the faithful per- 
formance of its obligations under this Agreement, its own Constitution and 
By-Laws and its other contractual obligations, which club membership, 
location of club offices and playing grounds, salary limit, Constitution, 
Agreements, Hy-Luws and pledges, shall not, after approval by the Board, 
be changed, modified, altered or released without the assent of the Board. 
CLASSIFICATION OK MEMBERSHIP. 
Akticle 7. The Board, upon the receipt of an application for protection and 
membership under this Agreement, shall, after consideration and approval, 
determine the class under which the applicant shall be admitted, the said 
classification to be based upon the average population of the cities compos- 
i ng the League according to the last published U. S. Census preceding the 
application, and membership fee shall be an amount fixed by the Board 
for Leagues of that class. 

MINOR LEAGUE REPRESENTATION. 
Article 8. Each Minor League shall be entitled to one representative of 
its own selection, who shall have the right to appear before the Hoard upon 
any or all matters pertaining to its interest or welfare, but the Hoard may, 
at its discretion, invite additional representation in the adjustment of any 
matter which may be brought before it. 

PEE FOR PROTECTION AND MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 9. The fee for membership and protection under this Agreement , 
with the right of reservation subject to Articles 10 and 11 shall be: 

For each Club in Class \ the sum of $7S. 

*" For each Club in Class B the sum of $50. 

For each Club in Class C the sum of $40. 

For each Club in Class D the sum of $30. 

For each Club in Class E the sum of §20. 

For each Club in Class F the sum of $10. 

Such payments to be made within thirty days from the date of filing the 

written application for membership. 

SELECTION OF PLAYERS BY THE MAJOR LEAGUE, 
ArttCLS 10. For the pu [tabling players to advance in their pro 

, the Major League may, at any time after the first of October i : 
year, and prior to the first of January following, with i 
Board, negotiate with any player then under contract or reservation to :i 
minor league under this Agreement, and shall have the right to select such 
player, upon payment to the Secretary of the Hoard the sum specifiedin 
Article 13, provided that no such selection shall be enforced and no tiansfet 
of a player shall be made unless he shall receive an increase of salary. 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



SELECTION OF PLAYERS BY MINOR LEAGUES. 
ARTICLE 11. For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their pro- 
fession and to assist in building up clubs of minor leagues, a club of a higher 
■ lass shall have the right, with the consent of the Board, after January 1 of each 
year, and prior to the first of February following, to select players from a 
league in a lower class upon payment to the Secretary of the Board the sum 
specified in Article 12, provided that no such selection shall be enforced, and 
no transfer of a player shall be made unless he shall receive an increase of 
salary. 

TERMS FOR SELECTION OF PLAYERS. 
Artici.k 12 — Sec. 1. Clubs from a high class selecting players from 
< s of a lower class shall pay to the Secretary of the Hoard for the 
benefit and account of the club from which the selection is made the follow- 
ing sums, viz.: 

For Players in Class A, $500. 

For Players in Class B, $300. 

For Players in Class C, $200. 

For Players in Class D, $100. 

For Players in Class E, $75. 

For Players in Class F, $50. 

Sic". 2. Payments must be made at the time of selection, and unless such 

payment be withdrawn and the selection cancelled by the selecting club 

within thirty days from the date of selection, the Secretary of the Board 

shall remit to the club the amount received by him on account of such 

selection. 

Sec. 3. Any club entitled to make selection of a player and desiring to do 
so, shall notify the Secretary of the Board stating the name of the player 
and of the club with which he is under contract and reservation and 
ing amount specified in Section 1, Article 12, to he paid for such release. 
The Secretary shall thereupon notify the club or league from which such 
selection is to be made and shall order his transfer to tl ting club. 

Notice of such selection and transfer shall thereupon be promulgated. 
ASSIGNMENT OF UNDEVELOPED PLAYERS. 
ARTICLE 13. For the purpose of retaining control of undeveloped but 

promising players whose * be< a purchased, all Leagues, parties 

Agreement, may, prior io the opening ■>! its championship i 
■ : ,ii lis surplus players to a club member of any Other League party to this 

Agreement, upon mutual ■ tween the clubs It:: roviding 

no other club member of the League from which the assignment is to be 
desires such player at the drafting price of the League with which he 
■' last prior to becoming a National League player. Notice of such 

transfers and assignments ami th< as governing must be filed with 

the Secretary of the Board, and the salary of the player must not i 
than the salary limit adopted bj lAto w bii h be has been assigned. 

II. Any club member of the major league may at any time between 
April 1 and October 1 negotiate with a club member of a minor !< 

party to this Agreement, Fof the release of a player from minor to major 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



, to take effect after October 1 of the tame year, or for an immediate 
release if the Constitution of such minor league permits, and such release 

shall at once be filed with and promulgated by the Secretary of the Board 
and become binding upon both clubs party to the transfer. 

Art. 15. Any club member of a minor league, party to this Agreement, 
may at any time during its championship season negotiate for the immediate 
release of a player from a club member of another league where the league 
constitution of the releasing club permits, and such release, if secured, shall, 
when tiled with the Secretary of the Board, become binding upon both club'--. 
party to the transfer, providing the salary of the player so transferred dur- 
ing the championship season shall not be reduced during the balance of the 
season unless he be given an unconditional release. 
CONTRACTS. 

Article 16. Contracts between clubs and players shall be in writing in 
the form approved by the Board. An informal contract, whether evidenced 
by telegram or other writing, shall be valid for a period not exceeding 
thirty days, but a formal contract must be tendered by the contracting club 
to the contracting player within said thirty days. The failure of the club 
to so tender such formal contract will release the player from all contractual 
obligations thereunder, and the refusal of the player to execute such formal 
contract, when so tendered, shall extend the validity of his informal contract 
until he shall execute said formal contract. 

UNLAWFUL CONTRACTS. 

Article 17. No club shall at any time enter into negotiations or contract 
t/ith any player under contract to or reservation by another club without 
the latter's consent, under such fines and penalties as the Board may inflict. 
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 18. Applications for membership by minor leagues desiring 
protection under this Agreement must be made each year to the Secretary 
of the Board, as provided in Article 6. 

TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 10. All rights under this Agreement shall terminate on the first 
day of October unless renewed between the fifteenth and twenty-fifth of 
September of each year, according to Article 18. 
NEW LEAGUES, 

Article 30. Newly organized leagues may ask for and be admitted to 

ership at any time, but such membership shall terminate on the first 

of October following uni iccording to Article 19. 

RESERVATION. 

Article 21. On or before the 525th day of September in each year the 
secretaries of mixta . hereto, entitled to the privilege of 

reservation, shall transmit to the Secretary of the Board a reserve list of 
players, not exceeding fourteen in number, then im 

its several club memben for the current season, and in addition thereto a 
list if such players reserved in any prior annual reserve list who have re- 
fused to contract with such clubs and of all ineligible players. Such p lay- 
ers, together with all others thereafter to be regularly contracted with by 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT* 



such clubs, are and shall be ineligible to contract with any other club of any 
league, except as herein prescribed. The Secretary of said Board shall 
thereupon promulgate such lists, provided that no club shall be permitted tc 
reserve any player while in arrears of salary to him. 

RELEASE FROM RESERVATION. 

Article 22. The Board may also release from contract or reservation any 
or manager when the club with which he has contracted, or by which 
he has been reserved, shall be in arrears to him for salary for more than 
fifteen days after such salary became due, or when the reserving clul> has 
failed to tender to any player, on or before the first day of March, after Bitch 
reservation, a formal contract, with a salary of at least such an amount per 
month as the Board may fix as the minimum salary to be paid to such player, 
or when any such reserving club has transferred its membership after the 
close of the championship season to a different league, if the Board shall 
deem that the player will be prejudiced by such transfer. 

INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN CONFLICT WITH THE 
NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 

Article 23 — Sec. 1. Any club member of any Minor league or associa- 
tion, u party to or identified with the National Agreement, that shall enter 
Into any negotiation to become a member of or in any way co-operate with 
any organization of professional base ball clubs whose existence will in any 
manner conflict with the letter and spirit of this Agreement or the in I 
of any of the clubs operating under it, shall forthwith forfeit all rights and 
privileges conferred by this Agreement, said forfeiture to include its mem- 
bership m any association a party to this Agreement, and all rights of reser- 
vation to players reserved during the current or any preceding season. The 
penalty herein imposed shall be positive and final and shall not be revoked 
unless by the unanimous consent of the Board or upon appeal by a three- 
fourths vote of the major league. 

Sec. 2. Any officer, manager or player who shall enter into any lucfc 
negotiations as referred to in Section l of Article 23, or who shall agi 
contract to play with any club a member of such organization shall be de- 
clared ineligible and subject to all the disabilities referred to in the preced- 
ing section. 

DISQUALIFIED PLAYERS. 

ARTICLE 24. When a player or manager under contract or reservation by 
any club of an association party hereto shall be expelled, suspended or ren 
dered ineligible in accordance with the provisions of this Agreeim/in 01 
rules of such association, notice of such disqualification shall he given t" tin- 
Board by the secretary of the association from whose club the i 
may have been thus disqualified, and the Board shall forthwith give notice 
of such disqualification to the several ■■ ng under this Agreement. 

When a player shall become ineligible under the provisions of this Agree- 
ment, or by order of the Hoard, the Secretary of the Board shall notify the 
several clubs acting under this Agreement of such disqualification. From 
the receipt of any such notice all club members of associations acting under 
this Agreement shall be debarred from employing or playing with or against 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



r/uch disqualified player until the period of disqualification shall have te 
minated or the disqualification be revoked by the association from which 
such player was disqualified or by the Board, and due notice of such revo- 
cation shall be given by the Board to the said several clubs. 
SUSPENSION OF PLAYERS. 

Article 25. Any player who has entered into a contract with any club 
of an association party hereto may be suspended without payor fined by 
such chili or association for breach of contract or breach of any of the rules 
of such club or association, and he shall thereafter be ineligible CO sign or 
play daring the remainder of the current season with any of the clubs of any 
association acting hereunder, unless such disability shall have been sooner 
removed by the club or association by which he was suspended or by the 
Board. 

ACCEPTANCE OF SERVICE. 

Article 26. Upon the release of a player from contract or reservation 
with any club member of an association then acting under this Agreement 
(unless the release be made by *' selection " under Article 10 or II), the ser- 
vices of such player shall at once be subject to acceptance by any club 
belooging to the same association, expressed in writing or by telegraph to 
the Secretary of the Board, for a period of ten days after notice of said 
release ; and, thereafter, if said services be not so accepted, said player may 
negotiate and contract with any club. The releasing' club shall send notice 
to the Secretary of the Board of said player's release on the date thereof, 
and the latter shall promulgate any acceptance of his services. Provided 
that the disbandment of a club or its expulsion from membership in either 
association acting hereunder shall operate as a release of all of its players 
from contract with or reservation by said club. But the services of such 
players shall at once be subject to the acceptance of such association for a 
period of ten days for the purpof s of supplying the vacancy in its membership. 

CONTK' L AM. i \E. 

Article %7. Each association shall have the right to make and enforce 
all rules and regulations pertaining to the control, discipline and compensa- 
I all players under contract with its club members. Audit may pre- 
scribe that all contracts with its players shall be made directly with said 
association, a. \ its club members, with the right of reservat ion I 

be exclusively exercised by said association, in which event all theproi 
of this Agreement applying to contracts or reservation of players with and 
by club members, shall apply to such contracts and reservation of players 
with and by said association ; provided that such rules and regulations shall 
in no way conflict with the provisions of this Agreement, or any rule, regula- 
tion or order of the Board. 

'I kKKlToklAI. RIGHTS. 
Aii i< i.K 8& Each minor league whose application for membership under 
this Agreement has been accepted by the Board shall have exclusive o 
of its own territory until the termination of its membership, and DC 
from any other league party to I !)*!! be allowed to play : 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



game in any city of its circuit without the consent of the club representing 
such cily, nor shall any club menibci of a minor league party hereto be 
allowed to play a game within five miles of any cily in which is located a 
club member of the major league without the consent of such club. 

INELIGIBLE PLAYERS. 

Article 29. No game shall he played between any club of any league 
acting hereunder, or any of its players under contract or reservation, With 
any club containing an ineligible player ; nor with a club that has played 
with another club containing such ineligible player. A violation of this sec- 
tion shall subject each offender to fine, suspension or expulsion, in the 
discretion of the Board. 

TRANSFER OF PLATERS. 

Article 30. Should a club of any association agree in writing or by tele- 
graph with another club of an association, subject to the National Agreement, 
for the release of any player then under contract or reservation with or by it, 
in accordance with the rules governing, either party may file said agreement 
with the Secretary of the Board, ami should any such club refuse to comply 
with its said agreement, the Hoard may require said agreement to be complied 
with, and may transfer the said player accordingly. 

PAYMENTS OF SALARIES. 

AkriCLii 31. Before any league shall Ik- granted the privileges and protec- 
tion of this Agreement, it shall enact laws or regulations debarring any of its 
clubs from entering into contrai t with any player while under arrears of salary 

to him, and limn suspending or Otherwise attempting to disqualify such player 
for refusing to contract while it is so in arrears, and shall also provide for the 
expulsion of any club for refusal to pay arrears of salary to a player when 
required by said league or by the i 

FORFEITURE OF RIGHTS. 
Article 3*2. All rights of any league hereunder shall be forfeited for fail- 
ing to expel any of its club members that may play a game of ball except 
under the Playing Rules adopted by the National League and Amencan 
ition of Professional Base Hall Clubs. 

DEFINITION OF 1 ERMS. 

Article 33. The term "league ot association" as herein used shall 

mean and comprise an organization of professional base ball chlbs of not less 

than four clubs, whether known as a "league," "association/ 1 or by any 
oilier designation. 

ArtICLK 34. This Agreement may be altered or amended at any time by 

the N. H '■ ■! i .■■ : ■ : rtnd lm< ican ional Base Ball 

Clubs. It shall take effect and be in force from and after February 21, 1896, 
md all former Agreements are hereby revoked. 

CLASSIFICATION OF LEAGUES TO BE GOVERNED BY THE AGGRE- 
GATE POPULATION OF THE CITIES REPRESENTED. 

Class A 1,000,000 I Class 1> 100,000 to 850,000 

Class B 600,000 to 1,000,000 I Class K; 60,000 to fOO.OOO 

Class C 350,000 to 000,000 | Class F— Up to 50,000 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



The Rules and Regulations of the National 

Board of Arbitration. 

The following rules and regulations have been adopted by 
the National Hoard of Arbitration, and are here given in order 
that they niay be understood by all those interested, The same 
being adopted and lo remain in force until repealed, ah' 
added to or amended. 

THE PRESIDENT. 

1. The duties of the President shall be as follows: 

(a) To issue calls for meetings of the Board, and preside at 
such meetings; having all powers with reference thereto which 
are incident to a presiding officer. 

(b) To rule upon and decide all incidental and routine mat- 
ters presented for determination, with power to delegate this 
duty to the Secretary or any member of the board. 

(c) To supervise the performance of the duties imposed upon 
the other members of the Board. 

(</) To see that each and all of the orders of this Board are 
complied with. 

THE SECRETARY AM) TREASURER. 

2. The offices of the Secretary and Treasurer may be filled 
by one and the same person, and the duties of such officer shall 
be as follows: 

(n) To receive, receipt for and disburse all moneys payable 
to this Board, and to make all financial statements require 
the provisions of the National Agreement. 

(i) To keep the records of the proceedings of the Board. 
her with all the records required to be kept by the provi- 
sions of the National Agreement. 

(c) To issue all notices required by the National Agreement 
to be issued. 

{</) To give interpretation to the playing rules when requested 
... to do, pursuant to the provisions of the National Agreem 

(c) To receive all applications for membership under the 
National Agreement, and to see that the applicants pay their 
proper dues. 

(/) To give notice of all fines and penalties imposed b . 
; , and to see that the same are paid. 

(g) To attend to such other mailers as maybe required "f 
him by the Board, and to keep records of all the busine, 
duties connected with the I 



K I ■ I Km AMI KKC.IM.A L'lONS. 



ELECTIONS. 

The Chairman and the Secretary and Treasurer shall lie 
elected annually at some metting after the- first of January, and 
shall hold until their successors are elected and qualify. 

OPINIONS AND DECISIONS. 

Whenever any controversy or mailer to be submitted to the 
Board of adjustment or decision shall be forwarded, together 
with all evidence and documents therewith connected, to the 
Secretary and Treasurer, he shall, after submitting the game to 
i Ik- Hoard, promulgate or publish the opinion, which must be 
prepared by the Chairman or such other member of the Board 
as he shall designate. 

SELECTION OK PLAYERS. 

Whenever any player shall be "selected" by more than one 
club, the Board will award him to the club which shall have 
first filed formal notice with the Secretary that it desires the 
services of said player. Such notice, however, must be accom- 
panied by the deposit required by the provisions of the National 
Agreement, otherwise such notice will be of no effect and void. 
A player so awarded shall be ineligible to sign villi any other 
club, and upon declining to abide by the decisions of the Board, 
may be included in the regular list of reserved players of the 
club selecting him, as per the provisions of Article 21 of the 
National Agreement. 

ACCEPTED PLAYERS. 

Whenever the services of any player released under the pro- 
visions of the National Agreement are accepted by any club or 
association, authorized so to do by the provisions of such 
uicnt, notice thereof shall be at once given to the Secre- 
tary, who shall accordingly promulgate the fact. 

I'AYM: 
All expenses of the Board, including compensation to the 
Secretary and Treasurer, or to any other agent, officer or 
member of the Board for special work performed, telegraphing, 
ge and such other expenses as shall be allowed, must be 
paid by check of the Secrecary and Treasurer and vouchers 
taken thereof, which vouchers shall be submitted at least once 
a year to the Board for examination and approval. 



/ 



THE NATIONAL BOARD 



OF 



ARBITRATION 



1899 



OFFICE: WASHINGTON, I). C. 



MEMBERS OF THE BOARD: 



N. E. YOUNG, - - President, Secretary and Treasurer. 

1417 G Street, Washington, I). C. 

A. II. Sodbm, - - 410 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Mas-. 

John T. Brush, .... Indianapolis, Ind. 

F. DkH. Robison, ----- Cleveland, <>. 

James A. Hart, - - Fisher Building, Chicago, 111. 

Jno. I. Ro Philadelphia, Pa. 



CORRECT DIAGRAM OF A BALL FIELD. 





NOTE.— For Specifications See Roles From No. 2 to No. 12. 



Cbe Playing Rules 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS 

As Adopted fay the National League and American Association 
of Professional Base Ball Clubs. 

Alterattionsand additions to the rules are indicated by Italics. 

Rule i. — The Ball Ground. 

The Ground must he an inclosed Held, sufficient in size to 
enable each player lo play in his position as required by 
rules. 

Kl IK 2. 

To lay off the lines governing the positions and the play of 

the game known as Base Ball, proceed as follows: 

I' r i point, A, within the grounds, project a right line out 

into the field, and at a point, i : fl poinl A, lav off 

lines B C and B D at right totl B ; then, with B 

as centre and 63.63945 feet as radius, describe arcs cutting the 
lines 1! A at F and 15 C at G, B D at II and B E at I. Draw 
lines F G, G E, E II and II F, and said lines will be the con- 
taining lines of the Diamond or Infield. 

Rule 3.— Tin: Catcher's Lines. 

With F as cent feet radius, an arc cutting line F A 

at L, and draw lines L M and I- < ' at right angles to 1 A, and 
continue same out from F A nol less than 90 I' 
RVLE 4.— Tin 1 1 ■ 1 I ine. 
From the inter might line 

and F H until they intersi lini LMandLO 

from the points G and II in the oppositi direction until 
they reach the boundary lines of the grounds. 

Rt 1 IE Players' Li 

With F as centre at radius, describe ares cutting 

lines F O and F M al P and Q ; then, with F as centre again 

and 75 feet radius, describe ares tutting F G and F II at R and 
S ; t lien, from the points S draw lines at right 

angles to the lii F M. I <• • and I- II, and continue 

same until they intersect ai T and W. 



[NO ] IKS. 

Rui.k 6 — The Captain and Coacher's Line. 
With R and S as centres and 15 feet radius, describe 
cutting lines K W and S T al X and Y, and from the points X 
and Y draw lines parallel with lines F II and FG, and con- 
tinue same out to the boundary lines of [he ground. 
Rule 7. The Three Fooi Line. 

With [•' as centre and 45 feet radius, describe an arc cutting 
line F G at I, and from 1 oul to the distance of 3 feel dran a 
line at right angles to K ( ;, and marked point 2; then from 
point 2, draw a line parallel with the line F <1 to a point 3 feel 
1 I the point t ,, and marked 3 ; then from the point 3 draw 
a line at right angles to line 2, and intersecting with 

line F G, and from thence hack along line <; F to point 1. 
Rule 8.— The Pi pcher's Pi ate. 

With point F as centre and 60.5 feet as radius, describe an 
arc cutting the line F It at a point 4, and draw a line 5, 6, 
passing through point 4 and extending 12 inches on either side 
of line F 11 ; then with line 5, 6, as a ribe a parallelo- 

gram 24 inches by 6 in 

Rule 9, — Thi 

Within the angle F, di square the sides of which 

shall he 12 inches, two of its sides lying upon the lines 1- <; 
ami F 11, and within the angles G and II describe squares the 
sides of which shall he 15 inches, the two outer sides of said 
square lying upon the lines F C and ('. I and F II and II I, and 
at the angi I . •• a square whose sides shall be 15 inches 

and so described that its sides shall be parallel with G 1 and 
1 II, and its centre immedi iti ir point E. 

Ri le to. I'n 1 i's Line. 

1 side of the line A F I! describe two parallelograms 
feet long and 4 feel wide 1 mai ked 8 and 9), their length 
parallel with the line A F II. theii di I aches 

added to each end of the length of the diagonal of the sq 
within F, and the centre ol their length being upon 

said diagonal. 

Kit 1 

The Hon her's Plate at 4 must 

whitened rubber, and so fixed in the ground as to be even with 
the surface . 

Rule 12. 

The lit ■ 1 Se< ond D and the Third 

ill mu-t be of while rams hags, tilled with soft : 
rial ami secure!} ; ibed in Rule 9. 



playing rules. 

Rule 13. 

The lines described in Rules 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and [O must be 
marked with lime, chalk or other suitable material, so as to be 
distinctly seen by the umpire. 

Note. — Foi a simple way to lay off a ball field see page 151. 

Rule 14.— The Ball.* 

Section I. Must not weigh less than five nor more than 
five and one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and it must measure 
not less than nine nor more than nine and one-quarter inches in 
circumference. The Spalding League Ball, or the Reach 
American Association Ball, must be used in all games played 
under these rules. 

Sec. 2. For each championship game two regulation balls 
shall be furnished by the home club to the umpire for use. 
When the ball in play is batted to foul ground and out of sight 
of the umpire, the other ball shall be immediately brought into 
play. As often as one of the two in use shall be lost a new one 
must be substituted, so that the umpire shall at all times after 
the game begins have two balls in his possession and ready for 
use. The moment an umpire delivers an alternate ball to the 
pitcher, it comes into play, and shall not be exchanged until it, 
in turn, passes out of sight to foul ground. At no time shall 
the ball be intentionally discolored by rubbing it with the soil 
or otherwise. In the event of a new ball being intentionally 
discolored, or otherwise injured by a player, the umpire shall, 
upon appeal from the captain of the opposite side, forthwith 
demand the return of that ball, and shall substitute another 
new ball and impose a fine of $5.00 upon the offending player. 

SEC. 3. In all games the balls played with shall be furnished 
by the home club, and the last ball in play shall become the 
property of the winning club. Each ball to be used in cham- 
pionship games shall be examined, measured and weighed by 
the Secretary of the League, inclosed in a paper box, and sealed 
with the seal of the Secretary, which seal shall not be broken, 
except by the umpire, in the presence of the captains of the t wo 
contesting nines after play has been called. 

The home club shall have, at least, a dozen regulation balls 



* The Spalding League Ball lias been adopted by th-: National League for 
the past twent ■ est*. 

For junior cfnbs (1 led of boys under !*'> years of age) we recom- 

mend them to use the Spalding Boys 1 League Ball. and that games played by 
tubs with this ball will count ;it games the same as if played 

with the Official League Hall. 



PLAYING RULES. 

on the held ready for use on the call of the umpire during each 
championship game. 

Sec. 4. Should the ball become cut or ripped so as to expose 
the interior, or in any way so injured as to be, in the opinion 
of the umpire, unfit for fair use, he shall, upon appeal by either 
captain, at once put the alternate ball into play and call for a 
nt'.w bail. 

Rule 15. — The Bat. 

Must be entirely of hard wood, except that the handle may 
be wound with twine or a granulated substance supplied, not to 
exceed eighteen inches from the end. 

It must be round, and it must not exceed two and three- 
quarter inches in diameter in the thickest part, nor exceed 
forty-two inches in length. 

Rule 16. — The Players and Their Positions. 
The players of each club in a game shall be nine in number, 
one of whom shall act as captain, and in no case shall less than 
nine men be allowed 10 play on each side. 

Rule 17. 

The players' positions shall be such as may be assigned them 
by their captain, except that the pitcher, while in the act of 
delivering the ball to the bat, must take his position as defined 
in Rules 8 and 29; and the catcher must stand within the lines 
of his position as defined in Rule 3, whenever the pitcher deliv- 
ers the ball to the bat. 

Rule 18. 

Players in uniform shall not be permitted to occupy seats on 
the stands, or to stand among the spectators. 
Ri 1 k 19. 

Section i. Every club shall adopt uniforms for its players, 
and the suits of each team shall conform in color and style. 
No player who shall attach anything to the sole or heel of his 
shoes other tlian the ordinary base ball shoe plate, or who shall 
appear in a uniform not conforming to the suits of the other 
members of his team, shall he permitted to take part in the game. 

SEC. 2. The catcher and first baseman are permitted to wear 
a glove or mit of any size, shape or weight. All other players 
are restricted to the use of a glove or mit weighing not over 
ten ounces, and measuring in circumference, around the palm 
of the hand, not over fourteen inches. 

Rule 20, — Players' Benches. 

SECTION I. The players' benches must lie furnished by the 
home club and placed upon a portion of the ground not less 



V 



ri-AYINO RULES. 



than twenty-five (25) feet outside of the players' lines. One such 
bench shall be for the exclusive use of the visiting club, and 
one for the exclusive use of the home club. The benches must 
be covered by a roof and closed at the back and each cud : a 
however, not more than six (6) inches wide may be left just 
under the roof for ventilation. All players of the side al bat 
must be sealed on their bench, except such as are legally 
assigned to coach base-runners, and also the batsman, except 
when called to the bat by the umpire, and under no circum- 
stances shall the umpire permit any person, except man 
and players in uniform to occupy seats on the benches. 

Sec. 2. To enforce this rule the captain of the other side 
may call the attention of the umpire to a violation, whereupon 
the umpire shall immediately order such player or players to be 
seated. If the order is not obeyed within one minute the 
offending player or players shall be fined §5.00 each by the 
umpire. If the order is not then obeyed -within one minute. Un- 
offending player or players shall be debarred from further par- 
ticipation in the game, and shall be obliged to leave the playing 
held forthwith. 

Ki it: 21. — The Game. 

SECTION i. Every championship game must be commenced 
not later than two hours before sunset. 

Sec. 2. A game shall consist of nine innings to each con- 
testing nine, except that 

(a.) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings 
than the other side lias scored in eight innings, the game shall 
then terminate. 

(".) If the side last at bat in the ninth innings scores the 
winning run before the third man is out, the game shall 
terminate. 

Rl ik 22. — A Tie Game. 

If the score be a lie at tin- end of the nine innings, play 

shall be continued until one side has scored more runs than the 

other in an equal number of innings, provided, thai the side 

at the bat scores the winning run before the third man is out, 

the game shall terminate. 

Krt.lv 23. — A Drawn Game. 

A drawn game shall be declared by the umpire when he 

terminates a j le on account of darkness or rain, after five 

equal innings have been played, if the score at the time is ecptal 
on the last even innings played; except when the side that 
went second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored the same 
number of runs as the other side, in which case the umpire 
shall declare the game drawn without regard to the score of 
the last equal innings. 



N.AYING r 



Rule 24. — A Called Game. 

If the umpire calls "Claim:" on account of darkness or rain 
nt any time after five innings have been completed, t lie score 
shall be that of the last equal innings played, but if the side 
second at bat shall have scored in an unequal number of innings, 
or before the completion of its unfinished inning one or more 
runs than the side first at bat, the score of the game shall be 
the toial number of runs made. 

Rule 25.— A Forfeited Game. 

A forfeited game shall he declared by the umpire in favor of 
the club not in fault, at the request of such club, in the follow- 
ing cases : 

SECTION I. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the 
field, or being upon the field, fail to begin the game within five 
minutes after t lie umpire has called "Play" at the hour 
appointed for the beginning ol the game, unless such delay in 
appearing, or in commencing the game, lie unavoidable. 

SEC. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or 
fails to continue playing, unless such game has been suspended 
or terminated by the umpire. 

SEC. 3. If, after play has been suspended by the umpire, 
one side fails to resume playing within one minute after the 
umpire has called " I'l 

SEC. 4. If a team resorts to dilatory movements to delay 
the game. 

Sec;. 5. If, in the opinion of the umpire, any one of the 
rules of the game is wilfully violi 

Sf.c. 6. If, after ordering the n movalof a player, as author- 
by Rules 20, 52 and 61, said order is not obeyed within 
one minute. 

SEC. 7. If, because of removal of players from the game by 
the umpire, there he less than nine players in either ' 

SEC. 8. 'f, "hen two games are scheduled to be played on 
the same afternoon, Lhe second game is not commenced within 
ten minutes of the time of completion ol the first game. The 
umpire of the firsl game shall be the timekeeper. 

Ski'. 9, In case the umpire declares the game forfeited, be 
shall transmit a written notice thereof to the president of the 
ue within twenty-four hours thereafter. However, a fail- 
in the part of the umpire to so notify the president shall 
not affect his decision declaring the game forfeited. 

Rule 26.- No Game. 

" No game" shall be declared by the umpire if he shall ter- 
minate play on account of rain or darkness before five innings 



PLAYING RULES. 






on each side are completer!. Except in a case when the game is 
called, and the club second at bat shall have more runs at the 
end of its fourth innings than the club first at bat has made in 
its five completed innings; in such case the umpire shall award 
the game to the club having made the greatest number of runs, 
and it shall be a legal game and be so counted in the cham- 
pionship record. 

Rule 27. — Substitutes. 

Section 1. In any championship game each side shall be 
required to have present on the field, in uniform, conforming 
to the suits worn l>y their team mates, a sufficient number of 
substitute players to carry out the provision which requires that 
not less than nine players shall occupy the field in any innings 
of a game. 

Sec. 2. Any such player may be substituted at any time by 
either club, but a player thereby retired shall not thereafter 
participate in the game. 

Sec. 3. The base-runner shall not have a substitute run for 
him except by the consent of the captains of the contesting 
teams. 

Rule 2S. — Choice ok Innings — Condition of Ground. 

The choice of innings shall be given to the captain of the 
home club, who shall also be the sole judge of the fitness of the 
ground for beginning a game after rain, but, after play has been 
called by the umpire, he alone shall be the judge as to the fit- 
ness of the ground for resuming play after the game has been 
suspended on account of rain. 

Rule 29. — The Pitcher's Position. 

The pitcher shall take his position facing the batsman with 
both feet square on the ground, and in front of the pitcher's 
plate; but in the act of delivering the ball to the bat, one foot 
must be in contact with the pitcher's plate, defined in Rule 
8. He shall not raise either foot, unless in the act of deliver- 
ing the ball to the bat, nor make more than one step in such 
delivery. 

Rule 30. — A Fairly Delivered Bali, 

A Fairly Delivered Ball to the bat is a ball pitched or thrown 
to the bat by the pitcher while standing in his position and 
facing the batsman, the ball so delivered to pass over any por- 
tion of the home base not lower than the batsman's knee nor 
higher than his shoulder. 



l'LAYINO KU1.ES. 



Rule 31. — An Unfairly Delivered Ball. 
An Unfairly Delivered Ball is a ball delivered by the pitcher, 
as in Rule 30, except that the ball does not pass over any 
portion of the home base, or does pass over the home base, 
above the batsman's shoulder or below the line of hisJuiee. 

Rule 3a.— Balking. -Lit, ' A 

A Balk shall be: . — LW2>[\» 

SECTION I. Any moLionmade by the pitcher to deliver the 
ball to the bat or to^-base without delivering it. 

Sec. 2. The throwing of the ball by the pitcher to any base 
to catch the base-runner without first stepping directly towards 
said base immediately before throwiug the ball. 

Sec. 3. Any delivery of the ball to the bat by the pitcher 
while his (pivot) foot is not in contact with the pitcher's plate, 
and he is not facing the batsman, as defined in Rule 29. 

Sec. 4. Any motion in delivering the ball to the bat by the 
pitcher while not in the position denned in Rule 29. 

Sec. 5. The holding of the ball by the pitcher so long as, 
in the opinion of the umpire, to delay the game unnecessarily. 

Sec. 6. Standing in position and making any motion to 
pitch without having the ball in his possession. 

SEC. 7. The making of any motion the pitcher habitually 
makes in his method of delivery, without his immediately 
delivering the ball to the bat. 

SEC. 8. If the pitcher delivers the ball to the bat when the 
catcher is standing outside the lines of the catcher's position as 
defined in A' ale 3. 

If the pitcher fails to comply with the requirements of any 
Section o/this Rule the umpire must call "A balk." 
Rule 33. — Dead Balls. 

A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the pitcher that 
touches any part of the batsman's person or clothing while 
standing in his position without being struck at, or that 
touches any part of the umpire's person or clothing while he is 
standing on foul ground without lirsi passing the catcher. 
Rule 34. 

In case of a foul strike, foul hit ball not legally caught out, 
dead ball, or base-runner pul OUt for being struck by a fair-hit 
ball, the ball shall not be considered in play until it'is held by 
the pitcher standing in his position, and the umpire shall have 
called play. 

Rule 35.— Block Balls. 

Section i. A Block is a batted or thrown ball that is 
touched, stopped or handled by any person not engaged in the 
game. 



V 



PLAYING l I 



Sec. 2. Whenever a block occurs the umpire shall declare 
it, and the base-runners may run the bases without being put 
out until the ball has been returned to and held by the pitcher 
standing in his position. 

Sec. 3. In the case of a block, if the person nol en ;aged in 
the game should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick 
it beyond the reach of the fielders, the umpire should call 
" lime" and require each base-runner to slop at the last base 
touched by him until the ball be returned to the pi telle J 
standing in his position gad the umpire shall have called 
" Play." 
Rule 36. — The Batsman's Position — Oreer of Batting. 

The batsmen must take their position within the batsman's 
lines, as defined in Rule 10, in the order in which they are 
named in the batting order, which batting order must be 
submitted by the captains of the opposing teams to the umpire 
before the game, and this batting order must be followed 
except in the case of a substitute player, in which case the 
substitute must take the place of the original player in the 
batting order. After the first inning the first striker in each 
inning shall be the batsman whose name follows that of the 
last man who has completed his turn — time at bat — in the 
preceding inning. 

Rule 37. 

Section I. When their side goes to the bat the players 
must immediately return to the players' bench, as defined in 
Rule 20, and remain thereuntil the side is put out, except when 
called to the bat or they become coachers or substitute base- 
runner-, ; provided, that the captain or one player only, except 
that if two or more base-runners are occupying the bases then 
the captain and one player, or two players, may occupy the 
space between the players' lines and the captain's lines to 
coach base-runners. 

Sec. 2. No player of the side "at bat," except when bats- 
man, shall occupy any portion of the space within 1 lie catcher's 
lines, as defined in Rule 3. The triangular space behind the 
home base is reserved for the exclusi vi 1 1 ■ umpire, catcher 
and batsman, and the umpire musl prohibit any player of the 
side "at bat" from crossing the same at anytime while the 
ball is in the hands of, or passing between, the pitcher and 
catcher, while standing in their positions. 

Sec. 3. The players of the side "at bat" must occupy the 
portion of the field allotted them, but must speedily vacateany 
portion thereof that may be in the way of the ball, or any 
fielder attempting to catch or 5( Id ii. 



PLAYING RULES! 



Kule 38. — The Batting Rules. 

Section i. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the batsman — 
while lie is standing within the lines of bis position — that first 
touches " fair" ground, or the person of a player, or the um- 
pire, while standing on fair ground, and then settles on fair 
ground before passing the line of first or third base. 

SEC. 2. A Foul Hit is a similarly batted ball thai first 
touches "foul" ground, or the person ol a player, or the um- 
pire, while standing on "foul" ground. 

SEC. 3. Should sueh "fair hit" ball bound or roll to foul 
ground, before passing the line of first or third base, and si ttle 
cm foul ground, it shall be declared by the umpire a foul ball. 

Sic. 4. Should sueh "foul hit" ball bound or roll to fair 
ground and settle there before passing the line of first or third 
base, it shall be declared by the umpire a fair ball. 

Rule 39. 

A foul tip is a ball batted by the batsman while standing 
within the lines of his position that goes foul sharp from the 
bat to the catcher's hands. 

Rule 40. 

A bunt hit is a ball delivered by the pitcher to the batsman 
who, while standing within the lints uf his position, makes 
a deliberate attempt to hit the ball so slowly within the infield 
that it cannot be fielded in lime to retire the batsman. If such 
a "bunt hit " goes to foul ground a strike shall be called by 
the umpire. 

Rule 41.— Balls Batted Outside the Grounds. 

When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the umpire 
shall decide it Fair should it disappear within, or Foul should 
it disappear outside of the range of the foul lines, and Rule 38 
is to be construed accordingly. 

Rl if. 42. 
A lair batled ball that goes over the fence shall entitle the 
batsman lo a home run, except, that should il go over (he fence 
at a less distance than two hundred and thirty-five (235) feet 
from the home base, when he shall be entitled to two bases 
only, and a distinctive line shall be marked on the fence at this 
point. 

Rule 43.— Strikes. 

A strike is : 

SECTION I. A ball struck at by the batsman without its 
Vouching his bat ; or, 



PLAYING RULES. 



Sec. 2. A fair ball legally delivered by the pitcher, but not 
struck at by the batsman. 

SEC. 3. Any intentional effort to hit the ball to foul ground, 
also in the case of a " bunt hit," which sends the ball to foul 
ground, either directly, or by bounding or rolling from fair 
ground to foul ground, and which settles on foul ground. 

Sec. 4. A ball struck at, if the ball touches any part of the 
batsman's person. 

Sec. 5. A foul tip by the batsman, caught by the catcher 
ivhiU standing within the lines of his position. 

Rule 44. 

A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the batsman when any part 
of his person is upon ground outside the lines of the batsman's 
position. 

Rule 45. — The Batsman is Ol r. 

The Batsman is Out : 

Section i. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his 
order of batting, unless the error be discovered and tin: proper 
batsman takes his position before a time "at bat" is recorded, 
and, in such case, the balls and strikes called must be counted 
in the time "at bat" of the proper batsman, and only the 
proper batsman shall be declared out, and no runs shall be 
scored or bases run because of any act of the improper batsman, 
provided, this rule shall not take effect unless the out is declared 
before the ball is delivered to the succeeding batsman. Should 
batsman declared out by this rulebe sufficient to retire the side, 
the proper batsman the next innings is the player who would 
have come to bat had the players been out by ordinary play. 

Sec. 2. If he fails to take his position within one minute 
after the umpire has called for the batsman. 

Sec. 3. If he makes a foul hit other than a foul lip, as 
defined in Rule 39, and the ball be momentarily held by a 
fielder before touching the ground; provided, it be not caught 
in a fielder's hat or cap, or touched by some object other than 
a fielder before being caught. 

Sec. 4. If he makes a foul strike. 

Sec. 5. If he attempts to hinder the catcher from fielding or 
throwing the ball by stepping outside the lines of the position, 
or otherwise obstructing or interfering with the player. 

Sec. 6. If, while (he first base be occupied by a base- runner, 
three strikes be called on him by the umpire, except when two- 
men are already out. 

Sec. 7. If, after two strikes have been called, the batsman 
obviously attempts to make a foul hit, as in Rule 43, section j s 



v_ 



PLAYING RULES. 

Sec. S. If, while attempting a third strike, the ball touches 

any part of the batsman's person, in which case base-runners 

occupying bases shall rni; ribed in Rule .(<), section 5. 

. <). It he hits a By ball thai can be handled by an 

infielder while first and second ba - 1 cenpied, or first, 

second and third with only one out. In such case the umpire 
hall, as soon as the ball is hit, declare infield or outfield hit. 

Sic. 10. II the third strike is culled in accordance with 
on 4, Rule 43. 

SEC. II. The moment a batsman is declared out by the 
umpire, he (the umpire) shall call for the batsman next in order 
to leave his seat on the bench and take his position at the bat. 
run] such player of the batting side shall not leave his seat on 
the bench until so called to bat, except as provided by Rule 37, 
section I, and Rule 52. 



BASE-RUNNING RULES. 
Rule 46. — Whin the Uatsman Becomes a Base-Runner. 

The batsman becomes a Base- Runner : 

SECTION I. Instantly after he makes a fair hit. 

SEC. 2. Instantly after four balls have been called by the 
umpire. 

SEC. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared by 
the umpire. 

,4. If, while he be a batsman, without making any 
attempt to strike at the ball, his person or clothing be hit by a 
ball from the pitcher; unless, in the opinion of the umpire, be 
plainly avoids making any effort to get out of the way of the 
ball from the pitcher, anil thereby permits himself to be so hit. 
. 5. Instantly after " a Balk" is tailed by the umpii 

SEC. 6. If, while he be a batsman, the catcher interferes 
with him, preventing him from striking the ball. 

Rule 47. i!,\ ■ ■ red, 

The base-i uiiii i regular order, viz., 

Iirst, second, third and home bases, and when obliged to n 

: hit) must retouch I he base 01 bases in n 
order, lie shall only be considered as holding a base after 

touching it. and shal ntitled to hold such base until 

he has legally touched the next base in order or has been 
legally forced to vacal .ding base-runner. How- 

ise-runner shall scori ml in the - 

until the base-runner preceding him in the baiting list (pro- 
vided there has been such a base-runner who has not been put 



PLAYING RULES. 



out in that inning) shall have first touched home base without 
being put out. 

Rule 48. — Entitled to Bases. 

The base-runner shall be entitled, without being put out, to 
take the base in the following eases : 

SECTION i. If, while he was batsman, the umpire called 
four balls. 

Sec. 2. If the umpire awards a succeeding batsman a base 
on four balls, or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case of 
an illegal delivery — as in Rule 46, section 5 — and the base- 
runner is thereby forced to vacate the base held by him. 

Sec. 3. If the umpire calls a "Balk." 

Sec. 4. If a ball, delivered by the pitcher, pass the catcher, 
and touch the umpire, or any fence or building within ninety 
feet of the home base. 

SEC. 5. If, upon a fair hit, the ball strikes the person or 
clothing of the umpire on fair ground. 

SEC. 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the 
obstruction of an adversary, unless the latter be a fielder having 
the ball in his hand ready to meet the base-runner. 

Sec 7. If the fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his hat 
or any part of his uniform except his gloved hand. 

Rule 49.— Returning to Bases. 

The base-runner shall return to his base, and shall be entitled 
to so return without being put out: 

SECTION I. If the umpire declares a foul tip (as defined in 
Rule 39), or any other foul hit not legally caught by a fielder. 

Sec. 2. If the umpire declares a foul strike. 

SEC. 3. If the umpire declares a dead ball, unless it be also 
the fourth unfair ball and he be thereby forced to take the next 
base, as provided in Rule 48, section 2. 

Sec. 4. If the person or clothing of the umpire interferes 
with the catcher, "i In- is struck by a ball thrown by the catcher 
to intercept a base-runner. 

SEC. 5. The base-runner shall return to his base if, while 
attempting a strike, the ball touches any part of the batsman's 
person. 

Rule 50. — When Base-Runners Are Out. 

The Base-Runner is Out: 

SECTION i. If, after three strikes have been declared against 
him while batsman, and the catcher fail to catch the third 
strike ball, he plainly attempts to hinder the catcher from 
fielding the ball. 



1'LAVING RULES, 



Sec. 2. If, having made a fair hit while batsman, such 
fair hit ball be momentarily held by a fielder before touching 
the ground, or any object other than a fielder ; Provided, it be 
not caught in a fielder's hat or cap. 

Skc. 3. If, when the umpire has declared three strikes on 
him while batsman, the third strike ball be momentarily held 
by a fielder before touching the ground ; PROVIDED, it be not 
caught in a fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than 
a fielder before being caught. 

Sec. 4. If, after three strikes or a fair hit, he be touched 
with the ball in the hand of a fielder before he shall have 
touched first base. 

Sec. 5. If, after three strikes or a fair hit, the ball be 
securely held by a fielder while touching first base with any 
part of his person before such base-runner touches first base. 

Sec. 6. If, in running the last halt of the distance from 
home base to first base, while the ball is being fielded to first 
base, he runs outside the three-foot lines, as defined in Rule 7, 
unless to avoid a fielder attempting to field a batted ball. 

Sec. 7. If, in running from first to second base, from second 
to third base, or from third to home base, he runs more than 
three feet from a direct line between such bases to avoid being 
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder ; but in case a 
fielder be occupying the base-runner's proper path in attempt- 
ing to field a batted ball, then the base-runner shall run out of 
the path, and behind said fielder, and shall not be declared out 
for so doing. 

Sue 8. If he fails to avoid a fielder attempting to field a 
batted ball, in the manner described in sections 6 and 7 of this 
rule, or if he, in anyway, obstructs a fielder attempting to field 
a batted ball, or intentionally interferes with a thrown ball ; 
PROVIDED, thaf if two or more fielders.attempt to field a bi 
ball, and the base-runner conies in contact with one or more of 
them, the umpire shall determine which fielder is entitled to 
the benefit of this rule, and shall not decide the base-runner 
out for coming in contact with any other fielder. 

Skc. 9. If, at any time while the ball is in play, he be 
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder, unless some part 
of his person is touching a base he is entitled to occupy ; 1'ko- 
VIDED, the ball be held by the fielder after touching him. 

Sec. 10. The base-runner in running to first base may over- 
run said base, without being put out for being off said base, 
after first touching it, provided he returns at once and retouches 
the base, after which he may be put out as at any other base. 
If, in over-running first base, he also attempts to run to second 



r ■- 



I'l.AN INC UUI KS. 

base, or after passing tlie base lie turns to his left from the 
foul line, he shall forfeit such exemption from being put out. 

SEC. II. If, when a fair or foul hit ball (other than a foul 
tip as referred to in Rule 39) is legally caught by a fielder, 
such ball is legally held by a fielder on the base occupied by 
the base-runner when such ball was struck (or the base-runner 
be touched with the ball in the hands of a fielder), before he 
retouches said base after such fair or foul hit ball was so 
caught; Provided, that the base-runner shall not be out, in 
such case, if, after the ball was legally caught as above, it be 
delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the fielder holds it 
on said base, or touches the base-runner with it; but if the 
base-runner, in attempting to reach a base, detaches it before 
being touched or forced out, he shall be declared safe. 

Sec. 12. If, when a batsman becomes a base-runner, the 
first base, or the first and second bases, or the first, second and 
third bases, be occupied, any base-runner so occupying a base 
shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until any following base- 
runner is put out, and may be put out at the next base, or by 
being touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder in the same 
manner as in running to first base at any time before any follow- 
ing base-runner is put out. 

Sec. 13. If a fair hit ball strike him before touching the 
fielder, and, in such case, no base shall be run unless forced by 
the batsman becoming a base-runner, and no run shall be 
scored or any other base-runner put out. 

SEC. 14. If, when running to a base, or forced to return to 
a base, he fail to touch the intervening base, or bases, if any, 
in the order prescribed in Rule 47, he may be put out at the 
base he fails to touch, or being touched by the ball in the 
hands of the fielder in the same manner as in running to first 
base; PROVIDED, that the base-runner shall not be out in such 
case if the ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the 
fielder holds it on said base or touches the base-runner with it. 

Sec. 15. If, when the umpire calls "Play," after any sus- 
pension of a game, he fails to return to and touch the base he 
occupied when "Time" was called before touching the next 
base; PROVIDED, the base-runner shall not be out, in such case, 
if the ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the 
fielder holds it on said base or touches the base-runner with it. 

Rule 51. — When Batsman or Base-Runner Is Our. 

The umpire shall declare the batsman or base-runner out, 
without waiting for an appeal for such decision, in all cases 
where such player is put out in accordance with these rules, 
except as provided in Rule 50, sections 10 and 14. 



PLAYING RULES, 



Rule 52. — Coaching Rules. 
The Coacher shall be restricted to coaching the base-runner 
only, and shall not be allowed to address any remarks except to 
the base-runner, and then only in words of necessary direction; 
and shall not, by words or signs, incite or try to incite the specta- 
tors to demonstrations; and shall not use language which will 
in any manner refer to or reflect upon a player of the opposite 
club, the umpire OI the spectators, and not more than one 
coacher, who may be a player participating in the game, or 
any other player under contract to and in the uniform of either 
club, shall be allowed at any one time, except, that if base- 
runners are occupying two or more of the bases, then the cap- 
tain and one player, or two players under contract to and in the 
uniform of either club, may occupy the space between the 
players' lines and the captains' lines to coach base-runners. 
To enforce the above the captain of the opposite side may call 
the attention of the umpire to the offence, and thereupon (lie 
umpire must order the illegal coacher or coachers to the bench : 
if his order is not obeyed within one mi mile, the umpire shall 
a fine of $$,ao each against the 1 flayer or players, 

and, upon a repetition oi fhe offence, the offending player 
or />/iiyers shall he debarred from further participation in the 
game, and shall leave the playing field forthwith. 

Rule 53. — The Scoring of Kins. 

One run shall be scored every time a base-runner, after hav- 
ing legally touched tie- first three bases, shall touch the home 
ki ;e before three men are put out. (Exception) — If (he third 
man is forced ont, or is put out before reaching first base, a 
run shall not be scored. 

THE UMPIRE OR UMPIRES AND THEIR 
RESPECTIVE DUTIES. 

Ri i.k 54. 

When two umpires are assigned to duly each shall serve in 
his regularly appointed position, and discharge the duties of 
the same as provided for by this code of rules. 

Rule 55. 

No umpire shall be changed during the progress of a cham- 
pionship game, except by reason of personal illness or injury 
incapacitating him for the discharge of his duties. 

Rule 56. 

When two umpires are assigned, one shall he known as the 
"Umpire "and the other as the "Assistant Umpire." The 



IM.AYING RULES. 



former's regular position in the game shall lie behind dial Of 
the batsman, ami the latter's position in the Held near either 
first, second or third bases; and the umpires shall not exchange 
duties during the progress of a game, except by consent of the 
captains of the opposing teams. 

Rule 57. 

The umpire shall perform all the duties devolving upon a 
single umpire, except giving decisions on first, second and 
third bases and deciding points of play in running such bases, 
which sliall devolve upon the assistant umpire, except as 
regards third base when any other base is occupied by a base- 
runner, in which event the umpire shall decide all points of play 
arising at third base. It shall be the duty of the umpires to 
assist or advise each other in rendering any decision when 
requested by the other umpire. 

Rule 58. 

The umpire is the representative of the League, and as such 
shall have power to enforce every section of the code of play- 
ing rules of the game, and he shall have power (o order any 
player, or captain, or manager, to do or omit to do, any action 
that he may deem necessary to give force and effect to the laws 
of the game. 

Rule 59. 

There shall be no appeal from any legal decision of either 
the umpire or the assistant umpire. 

Rule 60. 
Under no circumstances shall any player be allowed to dis- 
pute a decision by either umpire, in which only an error of 
judgment is involved; and no decision rendered by either 
umpire shall be reversed, except it be plainly shown by the 
code of rules to have been illegal; and in such case the captain 
alone shall be allowed to make the appeal for reversal. 

Rule 61. 

SECTION I. In all cases of violation of these rules, by either 
a player or manager, the penalty for the first offence shall be a 
fine by the umpire oj $5.00, unit for a second offence, a prompt 
removal of the offender from the game or grounds, followed by 
such period of suspension from actual service in the club as the 
president of the League may elect. 

SEC. 2. The umpire shall, within twelve hours after fining 
or removing a player from the game, forward to the president a 
report of the action and the causes therefor. 



PLAYING RULES. 



Sec. 3. Immediately upon notification by the umpire that a 
fine has been imposed upon any manager, captain ay player, the 
president shall notify the person so fined and also the club oj 
which he is a mem her, anil, in the event of the failure of the 
person so fined to pay to the secretary oj the League the amount 
of said fine within five days of notice, he shall be debarred from 
participating in any championship game or from sitting on a 
player's bench during the progress of a championship game until 
such fine is paid. 

SEC. 4. When the fence of the player debarred from the 
game is of such a flagrant nature, such as the use of obscene 
language or an assault upon a player or umpire, the umpire 
shall, within Jour hours thereafter, notify the president of the 
League, giving full particulars. 

SEC. 5. lie shall also notify both captains before the game, 
and in the presence of each other, that all the playing rales will 
be impartially enforced, and that their Jailing to co-operate in 
such enforcement, -anil result in their being fined and, perhaps, 
their removal from the game. 

Rule 62. 
Before the commencement of a game the umpire shall see 
that the rules governing all the materials of the game are 
strictly observed. He shall ask the captain of the home club 
whether thera are any special ground rules to be enforced, and 
if there are, he shall see that they are duly enforced, provided 
they do not conflict with any of these rules. 

Rule 63. 
The umpire shall not only call " play" at the hour appointed 
for the beginning or the game, but also announce "game 
called" at its legal conclusion. 

Rule 64. 

The umpire shall suspend play for the following causes: 
First, if rain is falling so heavily as to oblige the spectators on 
the open field and open stands to seek shelter, in which case 
he shall note the time of suspension ; and should rain fall con- 
tinuously for thirty minutes thereafter he shall terminate the 
game. 

Rule 05. 

The umpire shall suspend play in case of an accident to him- 
self or to the assistant umpire, or to a player which incapaci- 
tates him or them from service in the field, or in order to remove 
from the grounds any player or spectator who has violated the 

rules. 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 66. 

In suspending play from any legal cause, the umpire shall 
call "time;" when he calls "time" the play shall be sus- 
pended until he calls "play" again, and during ihe interim no 
player shall 1>< put out, base be run, or run he scored. "Time" 
shall not lie called by the umpire until the ball is held by the 
pitcher standing in his position. 

ki i.k 67. 

The umpire shall call and count as a "ball " any unfair ball 
delivered by the pitcher to the batsman, but no! before such 
ball has passed the line of the home base. He shall also call 
and count as a "strike" any fairly delivered ball which 
passes over any portion of the home base, and within the bats- 
man's legal range, as defined in Rule 43, which is not struck 
at by the batsman, or a foul lip which is caught by the catcher, 
standing within the lines 0/ his position, or which after being 
struck at and nol hit, strikes the person of the batsman; or 
when the ball is purposely hit foul by the batsman, or when 
the ball is bunted foul by the batsman. 

Rule 68. 

If but one umpire is assigned, his duties and powers shall be 
that of both the umpire and the assistant umpire, and he shall 
be permitted to occupy such positions on the field as will best 
enable him 10 discharge his duties. 

Rule 69. 

No person shall be allowed upon any part of the field 
during the progress of a game in addition to the players in 
uniform, the manager of each side and the umpire, except such 
officers of the law as may be present in uniform, and such 
officials of the home club as may be necessary to preserve the 

P eace - Rule 70. 

No manager, captain or player shall address tin- spectators 
during the progress of a gam in case of necessary 

explanation. R , ,, ;i 

Every club shall furnish sufficient police force upon its 
own grounds to preserve order, and in the event of a 
crowd entering the field during the progress of a game and 
interfering with the play in any manner, the visiting club may 
refuse to play further until ired. [f the ground 

be n't cleared within fifteen minutes thereafter, the visiting 
club may claim, and shall be entitled to the game, by a score 
of nine runs to none (no matter what number of innings has 
been played). 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 72. — General Definitions. 
" Play" is llic- order of the umpire to begin the game, or to 
resume play after its suspension. 

Rl LE 73. 

'« Time " is tlie order of the umpire to suspend play. Such 
suspension must not extend beyond the day of the game. 

Rule 74. 

" (hime" is the announcement by the umpire that the game 
is terminated. 

Rule 75. 

An "Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players repre- 
senting a club in a game, and is completed when three of such 
players have been put out, as provided in these rules. 

Rule 70. 

A "Time at Bat" is the term at bat of a batsman. It begins 
when he takes his position and continues until he is put out or 
becomes a base-runner ; except when, because of being hit by 
a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery by the pitcher, 
or in case of a sacrifice hit purposely made to the infield which, 
not being a base-hit, advances a base-runner without resulting 
in a put-out, except to the batsman, as in Rule 45. 

Rule 77. 

"Legal" or " Legally" signifies as required by these rules. 

SCORING. 
Rule 78. 

In order to promote uniformity in scoring championship 
games the following instructions, suggestions and definitions 
are made for the benefit of scorers, and they are requin 
make all scores in accordance therewith. 

Batting. 

Section I. The first item in the tabulated score, after the 
player's name and position, shall be the number of times lie 
his been at bat during the game. No time at bat shall be 
scored if the batsman be hit by a pitched ball while standing in 
his position, and after Hying to avoid being so hit, or in case of 
the pitcher's illegal delivery of the ball to the bat which gives 
the batsman his base, or when he intentionally hits the ball to 
the field, purposely to be put out, or if lie is given first base on 
called balls. 

.2. In the second column should be set down the runs 
made by each player, 



PLAYING RULES. 



SEC. 3. In the third column should be placed the first-base 
hits made by each player. A base-hit should be scored in the 
following cases : 

When the ball from the bat strikes tli a ground within the 
foul lines and out of reach of the fielders. 

When a hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder in 
motion, but such player cannot recover himself in time to handle 
the ball before the striker reaches first base. 

When a ball is hit with such force to an infielder that he 
cannot handle it in time to put out the batsman. (In case of 
doubt over this class of hits, score a base-hit and exempt the 
fielder from the charge of an error.) 

When a ball is hit so slowly towards a fielder that he cannot 
handle it in time to put out the batsman. 

That in all cases where a base-runner is retired by being hit 
by a batted ball, the batsman should be credited with a base-hit. 

When a batted ball hits the person or clothingof the umpire, 
as defined in Rule 48, section 5. In no case shall a base-hit be 
scored when a base-runner has been forced out by the play. 

Sec. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed the sacrifice 
hits, which shall be credited to the batsman who, when no one 
is out or when but one man is out, advances a runner a base by 
a bunt hit, which results in putting out the batsman, or would 
so result if the ball were handled without error. 

Fielding. 

Sec. 5. The number of opponents put out by each player 
shall be set down in the fifth column. Where a batsman is 
given out by the umpire for a foul strike, or where the batsman 
fails to bat in proper order, the put-out shall be scored to the 
catcher. In all cases of "out" for interference, running out 
of line, or infield fly dropped, the "out" should be credited to 
the player who would have made the play, but for the action 
of the base-runner or batsman. 

Sec. 6. The number of times the player assists shall be set 
down in the sixth column. An assist should be given to each 
player who handles the ball in assisting a run-out or other play 
of the kind. 

An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in 
time to put a runner out, even if the player who could complete 
the play fails through no fault of the player assisting. 

And generally an assist should be given to each player who 
handles or assists in any manner in handling the ball from the 
time it leaves the bat until it reaches the player who makes the 
put-out, or ii> case of a thrown ball, to each player who throws 
or handles it cleanly and in such a way that a put-out results, 
01 would result i( no error were made by the receiver. 



PLAYING RULES. 



Assists should be credited to every player who handles the 
ball in the play which results in a base-runner being called out 
for interference or for running out of line. 
Errors. 

Sec. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for 
each misplay which allows the striker or base-runner to make 
one or more bases when perfect play would have insured his 
being put out, except that "wild pitches," "bases on balls," 
bases on the batsman being struck by a "pitched ball," or in 
case of illegal pitched balls, balks and passed balls, all of 
which comprise battery errors, shall not be included in said 
column. In scoring errors of batted balls see section 3 of this 
rule. 

An error shall not be scored against the catcher for a wild 
throw to prevent a stolen base, unless the base-runner advances 
an extra base because of the error. 

No error shall be scored against an infielder who attempts to 
complete a double play, unless the throw is so wild that an 
additional base is gained. 

Stolen Bases. 

A stolen base shall be credited to the base-runner whenever 
he reaches the base he attempts to steal unaided by a fielding 
or by a battery error or a hit by the batsman. 

Kui.e 79. 

The Summary shall contain : 

Section I. The score made in each innings of the game 

Sec. 2. The number of bases stolen by each player. 

SEC. 3. The number of two-base hits made by each player. 

Sec. 4. The number of three-base hits made by each player. 

Sec. 5. The number of home runs made by each player. 

Sec. 6. The number of double and triple plays made by 
each side and the names of the players assisting in the same. 

Sec. 7. The number of innings each pitcher pitched in. 

SEC. 8. The number of base-hits made of each pitcher. 

Sec. 9. The number of times the pitcher strikes out the 
opposing batsmen. 

Sec. 10. The number of times the pitcher gives bases on 
balls. 

Sec. II. The numberof wild pilches charged to the pitcher. 

Sec. 12. The number of times the pitcher hits batsmen 
with pitched ball. 

SEC. 13. The number of passed balls by each catcher. 

Sec. 14. The time of the game. 

Sec. 15. The names and positions of each umpire. 



I 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



Sec. 

The Ground 

The Field 

Catcher's Lines 

Foul Lines 

Players' Lines 

The Captain and Coacher's Line 

Three-fout Line 

Pitcher's Plate 

The liases 

The Batsman's Line 

The Home Base 

First, Second and Third Bases 

Lines Must He Marked 

The Ball 

Weight and Size (1) 

Number of ll.i Ms Furnished (2) 

Fining Player for Discoloring New Hall i2) 

Furnished by Home Club (3) 

Replaced if Injured (4) 

The Bat 

Material of ill 

Shape of r;i 

THE PLAYERS AND THEIR POSITIONS. 

Number of Players in the Came 

Players' Positions 

Players not to Sit with Spectators 

Club Uniforms (I) 

Gloves (21 

Players' Bern ne« 1 1 1 

Players Debarred from Game for Not Occupying Benches (2| 

THE SAME. 

Time of Championship (lame »1) 

Number of Innings.. (S) 

Termination of Came (a) 

The Winning Run (b) 

A Tie Game 

A Drawn Game 

A Called Game 

LtedGame 

Failure of (lie Nine to Appear fl) 

Refusal ut On.- Side to Play Kg 

Failure lo Resume Playing [8l 

If a Team Resorts to Dilatory Practice | \, 

Wilt id \ iolation (..) 

Disobeying Order to Remove Player tel 

Less than Nine Players ii) 

Second Ci. ei --need Within Ten Minutes (Si 

Written Notice l'- President (9) 



Rule. 
1 
3 
8 
4 
5 
8 



9 
10 
11 
IS 
18 
II 
14 
11 
14 
14 
14 
15 
15 
15 



16 
17 

IS 
I '.I 
PI 

20 
20 



21 
21 
21 
21 



24 
86 

2") 
25 
2.". 
2.-, 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

Skc. 

No Game 

Substitutes 

Sufficient Number of Substitute Players (I) 

When Player May Be Substituted (2) 

Base-Runner (3) 

Choice of Innings— Condition of Ground 

The Pitcher's Position 

Delivery of the Ball — Pair Ball 

Unfair Ball 

Balking 

Motion to Deceive • (1) 

Throwing by the pitcher to any base without stepping 

towards said base (2) 

Foot Not in Contact with Pitcher's Plate (3) 

Pitcher Outside of Lines (4) 

Delay by Holding Ball ( 5) 

Standing in Position to Pitch Without Having Ball (6) 

Any Motion Made Without Immediately Delivering Ball... (7) 
If the Pitcher Delivers the Ball to the Bat when Catcher Is 
Outside the Lines of his Position (8) 

A Dead Ball 

A Foul Strike 

Block Balls 

Stopped by Person Not in Game (1) 

Ball Returned fffl 

I : a ' Runner Must Stop (3) 

The Batsman's Position — Order of Batting 

Where Players Must Remain (1) 

Space Reserved for Umpire I;.') 

Space Allotted Players "At Bat" fSJ 

Batting Rules— Fair Hit (1) 

Fool Hit (O) 

Fair Hit Which Rolls to Foul Ground (■'!> 

Foul Hit Which Rolls to Fair Ground (I) 

A Foul Tip 

A I in in Hit 

B.il Is Batted Outside the Grounds 

A Fair Batted Ball Over the Fence 

Strikes 

Ball Struck at by Batsman (1) 

Fair Ball, Delivered by Pitl her (2) 

Intentional Effort to Hit Ball to Foul Ground 

Foul Hit While Attempting a Bunt Hit (Si 

Ball Struck at after Touching Batsman's Person I li 

Foul 'lip by Batsman (5) 

A Foul Strike 

Tim Hat sman is Out 

Failing to Take Position at Bat in Order (1) 

Failure to Take Position within One Minute after being 

Called (31 

Ifhe Makes a Foul Hit «) 

If he Makes a Foul Strike (4) 

Attempt h» Hinder Catcher (5) 

Three Strikes ("ailed by Umpire f6) 

Attempt to Make a Foul Hit after Two Strikes have been 

led (7) 

ill Hits Him While Making Third Sirike (8) 

II He- Illls a Fly Ball that can He Handled by Infieldcr 

while Bases arc Occupied with only One Out (0) 

If Third Strike is Called 'Ml 

Batsman Must Not Leave Bench Until Called by Umpire. .(11) 



Rn.K. 
20 
87 
27 

37 
27 



ati 
31 



32 
32 



32 



.11 
35 
85 
35 
35 
86 
87 
37 
37 



:;s 



40 

II 
42 

13 
43 
43 
43 
48 
43 
43 

II 
45 
45 

45 
45 
45 
45 
45 

45 
45 

45 

45 
45 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 






BASE-RUNNING RULES. 

Sec. 

The Batsman Becomes a Base-Runner 

After a Fair Hit (1) 

After Four Balls are Called (2) 

After Three Strikes arc Declared (8) 

If Hit hy Ball While at Bat (4) 

After Illegal Delivery of Ball <w 

If Catcher Interferes (G) 

Bases to be Touched 

Base-Runner Shall Not Pass Another Base-Runner to 
Reach Home Base 

Entitled to Bases 

If Umpire Calls Four Balls (1) 

If Umpire Awards Succeeding Batsman Base (2) 

If Umpire Calls Balk (3) 

If Pitched Ball by Pitcher Passes Catcher (4) 

Ball Strikes Umpire (5) 

Prevented from Making Base (6) 

Fielder Stops Ball with Any Part of His Dress (7) 

Returning to Bases 

If Foul Tip (I) 

If Foul Strike (SI 

If Dead Ball (81 

If Person of Umpire Interferes wiih Catcher (4) 

If the Ball Touches the Batsman *s Person (5) 

Base-Runner Out • 

Attempt to Hinder Catcher from Fielding Ball (It 

If Fielder Hold Fair Hit Ball (ffl 

Third Strike Ball Held by Fielder (3) 

Touched with Ball After Three Strikes (4) 

Touching First Base (5) 

Running from Home Base t" First Base (6) 

Running from First to Second Base m 

Failure to Avoid Fielder (St 

Touched by Ball While In Play (») 

Base-Runner May Overrun First Base (10) 

Fair or Foul Hit Caught by Fielder (11) 

Batsman Becomes a Base Runner (IS) 

Touched hy Hit Ball Before Touching Fielder (18) 

Running to Base (14) 

Umpire Calls Play (15) 

When Batsman or Runner is Out 

Coaching Rules 

Scoring of Runs 

THE UMPIRES. 

Each Shall Serve in His Regularly Appointed Position 

Umpires Shall Not Be Changed 

Titles and Positions 

Duties 

Powers ._ 

No Appeal from Legal Decisions 

Disputed Decisions 

Penalties for Violation of Rules (1) 

Report of Action and Causes (?) 

Notification of fines ; <•'<) 

Notification to Lea P ident (4) 

Notification to Both Captains nf Enforcement ot Rules — to) 

Shall See that the Rules arc Strictly Observed 

Shall Call Play 



Rut. a. 
46 
46 
46 
46 
46 
46 
46 
47 

47 
48 
48 
48 
48 
48 
48 
48 
48 
49 
49 
49 
49 
49 
49 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
60 
50 
50 
51 
62 
53 



54 
55 
56 

57 
58 
59 
00 
fil 
01 
61 
CI 
61 



63 



INDEX TO RULKS AND REGULATIONS. 

Sec. Rule. 

Suspend Play 64, 65, 66 

Shall Call Balls and Strikes.... 67 

When Only Ono Umpire is Assigned 68 

FIELD RULES. 

Who Shall Be Allowed on (he Field 69 

Spectators Shall Not Be Addressed 70 

Every Club Shall Furnish Police Force 71 

GENERAL DEFINITIONS. 

Play 73 

Time 73 

Game 74 

An Inning 75 

A Time at Bat 76 

Legal 77 

Scoring 78 

Batting (1) 78 

Runs Made (2) 78 

Base Hits (8) 78 

Sacrifice Hits (4) 78 

Fielding (5) 78 

Assists (6) 78 

Errors - (7) 78 

Stolen Bases 78 

The Summary 79 

Score Made in Each Inning (!) 79 

Number of Bases Stolen (2) 79 

Number of Two-Base Hits (3) 79 

Number of Three-Base Hits (4) 79 

Nu ni her of Home Runs (5) 79 

Number of Double and Triple Plays (6) 79 

Number of Innings Each Pitcher Pitched In (7) 79 

Number of Base-Hii s( Iff Each Pitcher (8) 79 

Number of Batsmen Struck Out by Bach Pitcher (9) 79 

Number of Bases on Balls by Each Pitcher (10) 79 

Wild Pitches (11) 79 

Number of Batsmen Hit by Each Pitcher (12) 79 

Passed Balls (13) 79 

Timeof Came (14) 79 

Name and Position of Each Umpire (15) 79 



ADDENDA. 



ADVICE TO UMPIRES. 

You are the absolute master of the field from the beginning 
to the termination of a game. You are by these rules given 
full authority to order any player, captain or manager to do or 
omit to do any act which you may deem necessary to maintain 
your dignity and compel respect from players and spectators. 
(Rule 58.) 

The rules are created to be enforced to the letter. If they 
ire poor rules the fault is not yours. If they are disobeyed you 
are to blame. 

Before "play" is called satisfy yourself that the field is cor- 
rectly laid off with lines, bases and plates in proper places, and 
that the materials supplied for the game are as required by the 
rules. (Rule 62.) 

Notify each captain that the rules will be enforced exactly as 
they are written, and that for each violation the prescribed 
penalty will follow. Do not in any case temporize with a rule 
breaker. 

Make all decisions as you see them. Never attempt to "even 
up" after having made a mistake. 

Be strict in what may seem to be trivial mailers, thereby 
"nipping in the bud " trouble before it fully develops. 

Specially observe Rules 20 and 37, which require players to 
occupy their respective benches: aiso section 6 of Rule 25, 
which specifies that a player ordered from the field shall go 
within one minute from the time you order his removal from 
the game. 

Do not allow a player (not even a captain) to leave his posi- 
tion (which is the bench or coacher's box, for the captain 
whose side is at bat, or the regular fielding position of the cap- 
tain whose side is not at bat) to argue with you. The captain 
only is allowed to appeal to you (and he only from his proper 
position) on a legal misinterpretation of the ules. If heclaims 
that you have erred, it i> proper thai [lie spectators should 
know what the claim is. (Rule 60.) 

Coachers have heretofore been a disturbing element to the 
umpire. Rule 52 provides just what his and what your duties 
are. These rules are mandatory, not discretionary. If you 
allow them to be violated you become the chief culprit and 
do not properly perform the duties of your position. Bear in 
mind that you are not responsible lor the creation of the rules 
or the penalties prescribed l>y them. 

The umpire who enforces the rules, maintains his dignity and 
compe , gives the fullest satisfaction to both teams 

and to the specU 

Compel resped from all and your task will be an easy one. 



A SIMPLE WAY FOR LAYING OFF A 
BALL FIELD. 

Lay a tape-line from centre of backstop out into the field 217 
feet 3% inches to second base. Al 90 feet from backstop place 
home plate, with the tape-line dividing ii diagonally. Between 
150 feet 6 inches and 150 feet to inches from the backstop 
place the pitcher's plate, witli the tape-line dividing it al the 
centre; 153 feet 7% inches from backstop drive a stake At 
right angles to the tape-line, and 63 feet ~ 3 ± inches from the 
slake and (jo feet from both home plate and second base, place 
first base on one side and third base on the other. This doi.e 
remove t he stake. Lay lines connecting the bases thus laid, 
forming the diamond, extending the lines from home base and 
first base and home base and third base in each direction to 
the fence, thus forming the foul lines and the catcher's position, 
Parallel with these lines and 50 feet away lay the player's 
, extending from intersection with lines already laid 75 
feet. From tins point lay lines at right angles to lines just 
described, extruding to the base lines, At right angles to 
and parallel with the base lines. 15 feet distant, lay the 
COacher's lines, extending, say, 30 feet towards the outfield. 
Parallel with and 3 feet distant from the base line from home 
base to first base lay a line beginning 45 feet from home plate 
and extending just past first base. 

< in each side of home plate, parallel with line iroin cent 1 
backstop to second base and 6 inches distant from home plate, 
lay lines 6 feet long, running three fi el 1 11 h way from a line 
through the centre of home plate, also lav other lines parallel 
with and 4 feet distant from the ones just described. form 
these into parallelograms 4 feet by 6 fen in dimension, thus 
forming 1 hi- batsman's position. 

Observe Rules 11, 12 and 13. 



62 



ANNUAL MEET! NO OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



ANNUAL MEETING NATIONAL LEAGUE 

Annual Meeting of the National Leigue and Amer'cin Asso- 
ciation of Professional Base Ball C ubs, held at the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York Cily, 
Tuesday, Derember 13, 1898. 

Meeting called to order by (lie President at I o'clock p. m. 
At the suggestion of President Young, Mr. A. II. Soden was 
unanimously requested to act as chairman of this meeting. 

Upon the roll being called and there appearing to he a con- 
testing delegation fiom St. Louis, Mr. Chris Von der Alie and 
W. A. Kennerk claiming to represent the St. Louis Pase ISall 
Association, and also Mr. B. S. Muclcenfuss, receiver appointed 
by the Court of the Sportsman's Park and Club, on motion this 
body resolved itself into a committee of the whole to consider 
the whole question and that the contestants retire pending the 
consideration of the same. After a long discussion and a 
careful consideration of the case, the following preamble and 
resolution were adopted : 

Whereas, Club membership in this League from the city of 
St. Louis appears to lie vested in the name of the St. Louis 
Base Mall Association, although contracts with players have 
been made with the Sportsman's Park ami (dub and duly 
approved by the Secretary of this League, yet without deciding 
a- to any conflict in regard to contractual rights if such conflict 
csists; and, whereas, there is no personal ownership in member- 
ship in this League and only club membership is recognized by 
our constitution; and, "whereas, the records of this League show 
thai at its last meeting held al St. Louis, February 28, 1898, 
C. Von der Ahe and I:. S. Muckenfttss appeared as the two 
representatives of the Si. Louis Base Hall Association, and 
during that meeting ('. Von dec Ahe slated that lie would with- 
draw as such representative and that said II. S, Muckenfuss 
would remain as the illative of the Si. Louis Base 

iiall Association, and as no proper certificate of the holding of 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



63 



any meeting of said Association and the appointment, by reso- 
lution of such meeting, of any other representative in place of 
said H. S. Muckenfuss, as required by Section 59 of the League 
( 'onstilution ; therefore 

Resolved, That this League lias no alternative but to recog- 
nize B. S. Muckenfuss as the duly-accredited representative of 
the St. Louis Base Ball Association. 

On motion the above preamble and resolution were recon- 
sidered and a committee of two consisting of Messrs. F. A. 
Abell and II. R. Von der Ilorst was appointed to confer with 
the St. Louis representatives with a view of a settlement of 
differences as to representation at this meeting. 

On motion a recess was taken until S.30 P. M. Meeting 
called to order at to 30 p. M. The committee appointed to 
confer with the Si. Louis representatives submitted their re- 
port. Pending the consideration of a motion to accept the 
report of the committee, on motion adjourned to meet at II 
o'clock A. M. on the following day. 

WEDNESDAY, DECKMBK8 14, I898. 

Meeting called to order at 1.30 p. M. 

On motion the League resolved to go into executive session. 

A motion to accept the report of the committee appointed to 
confer with the St. Louis representatives was lost. The fol- 
lowing preamble and resolution were adopted. (See copy of 
preamble and resolution above, which were adopted and subse- 
quently reconsidered.) 

The following-named gentlemen were present as the repre- 
sentatives of their respective clubs : 

Present : 

A. II. Soden, representing the Boston Base Ball Association. 

B. S. Muckenfuss, representing the St. Louis Base Ball .Asso- 
ciation. 

A. 11. Soden, representing the National Exhibition Company 
of New York City. 

\V. W. Kerr, representing the Pittsburg Athletic Company. 

I . I). II. Robison, representing the Cleveland Base Ball 
Company, 



6 4 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



Barney Dreyfuss and Harry C. Pulliam, representing tlie 
Louisville Base Ball Company. 

II. R. Von der Hoist and Edward Ilanlon, representing 
"The Baltimore Base Ball and Exhibition Company." 

!m I. Rogers and A. J. Reach, representing the Phila- 
delphia Ball Club, Limited. 

C. II. Ebbets and F. A. Abell, representing the Brooklyn 
Base Ball Club. 

J. T. Brush, representing the Cincinnati Base Ball Club. 

J. Earl Wagner, representing the National Base Ball Club of 
Washington, D. C. 

lames A. Hart, representing the Chicago League Ball Club. 

On motion the reading of the minutes of the last meeting 
was dispensed with. The report of the Board of Directors 
was received and accepted. 

On motion adjourned to meet at II A. M. on the following 

day. 

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1898. 

The Secretary presented the report of the Board of Discipline. 
On motion a recess was taken until S o'clock P. M. Meeting 
called to order at 9.30 I'. M. 

< hi motion of Mr. Hart the following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, That the report of the Board of Discipline be re- 
ceived and filed of record, and that it be referred to a special 
committee of three to consider their recommendations and re- 
port as to what action should lie taken thereon at the Schedule 
meeting, and that printed copies be sent each club representa- 
tive at leasl ten days prior to said meeting. 

Messrs. Brush, Hart and Soden w ere appointed a committee 
under the above resolution. 

following preamble and resolution offered hy Colonel 
Rogers was adopl 

Whereas, No information has been communicated to any 

1! of this organization, or to any club representative, as 

to the use by a League player during th <<)% of 

language prohibited by what is known as the '•Brush Resoltt- 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



65 



Resolved, That we tender our congratulations to the players 
of the National League for their co-operation in bringing about 

so desirable a result. 

The following-named gentlemen were elected Directors for 
the ensuing year : A. 11. Soden, A. J. Reach. J. K. Wagner, 
J. A. Hart, Jno. T. Brush ami H. S. Muckenfuss. National 
Board of Arbitration — Jno. T. Brush, F. Dell. Robison, Jas. 
A. Hart, A. H. Soden, Jno. 1. Rogers and N. E. Young. 

On motion adjourned to meet at 11 o'clock A. m. on the fol- 
lowing day. 

FRIDAY, DECEMBER if), 189S. 

Meeting called to order at 1.45 P. M. 

On motion a committee of three be appointed to consider 
amendments to the League Constitution with instructions t.. 
report at the Spring meeting, < >" motion Messrs. Rogers and 
liar! were appointed members of said committee with authority 
to select the third member. 

On motion the flaying Rules Committee, consisting of 
Messrs. Hart, Reach and Hanlon, were instructed to report at 
tin Spring meeting. The Secretary presented a communica- 
tion from the agent of the Plant System, which was read ami 
I on tile, also a communication from the publisher of the 
Sporting News (Si. bonis. Mo.), which was ordered placed on 
fde and courteously acknowledged by the Secretary. 

Pending a request from the Philadelphia Club in relation lo 
division of gate receipts, on motion a recess was taken until 
5.30 l>. M. 

Meeting called to order at 8 o'clock p. M.,"and on motion a 
recess was taken until ti o'clock A. M. on the following day. 

SA rURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1898. 

Meeting called lo order at 1.40 P. M. and resumed considera- 
tion of the question of division of gate receiptsin Philadelphia, 
and, on motion, its further consideration was postponed until 
I In- Spring meeting. Mr. lirush moved that the President be 
instructed to employ a stenographer to be present at all future 



■- 



66 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



meetings and report all arguments and keep a correcf record 01 
all transactions. Carried. 

On motion the President was instructed to communicate with 
Mr. Whitehead and request him to prepare schedules for the 
season of 1899, nni ' submit copies to each League club at least 
two weeks before the Spring meeting, and, in case of approval, 
that he will be properly compensated. Carried. 

On motion of Mr. Brush, the schedule shall consist of 154 
games. 

On motion the Schedule Committee was instructed to prepare 
two schedules, one consisting of three and the other of four 
trips between the East and West. 

On motion that when this meeting adjourns, it adjourn to 
meet in New YorU City on tin- last Tuesday in February. 
Carried. Mr. Hart moved that no exhibition games shall be 
played by any League club before, during, or after the cham- 
pionship season. The Chair ruled the motion out of order. 
Mr. Hart moved that 110 exhibition games be played by any 
League clubs during the championship season. Carried. 

The following resolution offered by Mr. Brush was adopted : 

Resolved, That the President of the League be authorized to 
isuue to the base ball editors of the daily papers in the twelve 
League cities a visiting League pass, good upon all League 
ball parks Other than the park in the city in which the paper 
is located, to be* signed by the President of the League and 
countersigned by the President of the visiting club. 

No further business appearing, on motion adjourned. 

(Signed) A. II. SODLN, Chairman. 
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary. 



ANNUAL MEETING OK NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



67 



RECONVENED ANNUAL MEETING 



Reconvened Annual Meeting cf (he National League and 

American Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs, 

Held at the Fifth Avenire Hotel, New York 

City, Tuesday, February 28, 1899. 

Meeting called to order by the Chairman at 7 p. M. 

No quorum being present, <>n motion adjourned to meet at 
II o'clock A. M. on the following day. 

WEDNESDAY, MARCH I, 1899. 

The following named gentlemen were present as the repre- 
sentatives of their respecih e clubs : 

A. II. Soden and W. II. Conant, representing the Boston 
Base Hall Association. 

1!. S. Muckenfuss, representing the St. Louis Base Hall 
Association. 

A. II. Soden, representing the National Exhibition Company 
of New York City. 

W. W. Kerr, representing the Pittsburg Athletic- Company. 

F. Dell. Robison, representing the Cleveland Base Ball 

Company. 

Barney Dreyfuss and Harry C. Pulliam, representing the 
Louisville Base Ball Company. 

II. K. Von der Horst and Edward Hanlon, representing the 
Baltimore Base Ball and Exhibition Company, 

John I. Rogers and A. J. Reach, representing the Philadel- 
phia Ball Cluli. Limited. 

C, II. Ebbetts and F. A. Abell, representing the Brooklyn 
Base Ball Club. 

J. '''. l'.riish, representing the Cincinnati Base Ball Club. 

J. Earl Wagiur, representing the National Base Ball Club, 
of Washington, 1 1. ( '. 

Janus A. Hart, ling the Chicago League Ball Club. 

On motion, the minutes of ihe last meeting were- read. 

Report of a special meeting of the Board of Directors held 



6S 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



Tuesday evening, February 28, was read by the Secretary. On 
motion of Mr. Robison the report of the Board of Din 
was received and discussed. On motion the report oi the 
Directors "as received and placed on. file. 

The Secretary presented a three-trip schedule prepared by 
Mr. Whitehead, ami also both a tliree and four-trip schedule 
prepared by himself. On motion they wer< , . and 

[dated on file. 

The committee appointed under the following resolution, 
adopted December 15, 1S9S, as follows : 

Resolved, That the report of the Hoard of Discipline be 
received and filed of record, and that it be referred to a special 
committee of three to consider their recommendations and 
report as to wlial action should be taken thereon at the sched- 
ule meeting, and thai printed copies be sent each club repre- 
sentative at least ten days prior lo said meeting, 
Submitted their report, and, on motion, its further considera- 
tion was postponed until after reports from the Constitution 
and Playing Rules Committees hail been received. 

The Chairman of tin- Committee on Constitution submitted 
their report, pending the consideration of which, on motion, 
adjourned to meet at 1 1 \. \i. on the following day. 

THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1899. 

Meeting called to order by tin- Chairman at 3.55 P. M. 

The Committee on Constitution submitted their report, 
which was unanimously adopted. (See 1 Constitution.) 

The report of the Committee on Playing Rules submitted 
tin ir report, which, as amended, was adopted as follows. (See 
Playing Rules.) 

The following resolutions were adopted : 

Resolved, That Rule 6g of the Playing Rules be stricken out, 
as that is already provided for in the Constitution. 

Resolvetf, Thai the purchaser at a judicial sale of the a 
of a club, member of this League, will not be entitled to club 
membership without proper admission thereto, in accordance 
with the League < Constitution. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



69 



Resolved, That Article 13 of the National Agreement be 
changed as follows : That the words "terms of such purchase" 
in the seventh line be stricken out and the words "drafting 
price of the League with which he played last prior to becom- 
ing a National League player" added. 

The report of the Board of Discipline as amended was 
unanimou-sly adopted as follows : 

A measure entitled : 

A measure for the enforcement of the rules against ungentlemanly and 
unsportsmanlike conduct and for tlie suppression of vulgar language upon 
the ball field by players engaged in playing a game of ball during the cham- 
pionship season while under contract to a club, member of the National 
League and American Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs. 

Be it resolved by the National League and American Association of Pro- 
fessional Base Ball Clubs as follows, viz : 

First — It shall be the duty of each club president or chief officer at the 
beginning <>f the contract season to furnish to tiie manager or captain of his 
team and to each player and to all others who may thereafter join the club 
during the playing season a printed or typewritten copy of this enactment, 
and the captain or manager of each club shall deliver to the president of 
said club, wl|o shall within five days thereafter forward the same to the 
President of the League, a written statement (hat this legislation with aU 
of its provisions has been brought to each and every player's attention. 

Second — To perpetuate base balj as the national game of the United 
States, preserve its respectability, surround it with such additional safe- 
guards as to warrant absolute public conj&dence in its methods and pur- 
poses, to reform and promote the mutual interests of professional base ball 
clubs and professional base ball plavers, it shall be competent for any per; 
son or persons, whether player, manager, umpire, club official of any club, 

member of this League, or spectator, to submit information and testimony 
under oath of which they have persona] knowledge concerning a violation 
of any of the rules defined in this measure by a player or umpire during the 
playing of a game of ball, which may mar or tend to mar its progress or in 
any manner tend to bring the game into disrepute. The information ami 
l mi 1 ,.li, -rative ev ith-tire shall be Submitted to the President of the I efl [U< 
who shall have the right to suspend the offender pending investigation by 
tlie tribunal hereinafter created, or not, as he may elect, being governed in 
judgntenl by the circumstances and gravity of the offence and the character 
of the evidence. • 

1.' 1 Every umpire or assistant umpire who has personal knowledge of a 
Violation of any of the rules specified in this measure must within forty- 
eight hr-urs after such violation report the same in writing under oat 

the President of the League, stating name of the offender and giving full 

and p-mi-uLr details of ib<r Offend ■ unmitted, names of eye-witnesses 



7o 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



whenever possible ; and if such umpire or assistant umpire fails to make 
such report he or they shall he deemed equally guilty with the offender, and 
upon complaint by the president of a club the President of the League shall 
refer the complaint to the League clubs for a mail vote, and if three-fourths 
are in favor of reference to the Board of Discipline it shall be so referred 
for trial of such complaint. 

Third — All Charges of offence under this measure, with the supporting 
evidence, shall be submitted to the President of the League, under oath, 
within forty-eight hours of its alleged commission, and the President shall 
immediately furnish a copy of the same to the accused for his defense, with 
written notice of the suspension, if any. 

Fourth — Any person who may be charged with having committed an 
offence within the intent and meaning of this measure, shall be furnished 
with a copy of the charges which, to receive consideration, must be sub- 
stantiated by corroborative evidence, and after the receipt thereof by the 
accused, five days shall be allowed him for transmitting to the President of 
the League, under oath, bis defense, and the case when thus prepared shall 
be submitted by the President to the League clubs, as prescribed in Article 
2, and thereafter, if approved by a three-fourths vote, to a tribunal of three 
judges, selected by this League, to be called the "Board of Disciplin«-," 
who shall have absolute authority to acquit or convict upon the evidence 
submitted, according to the rules adopted for its government, and from 
which there shall he no appeal, except to the Board of Directors of the 
League, as hereinafter provided. 

Fifth — When a case is thus submitted to said Board, the president of the 
tribunal shall carefully consider it from the evidence submitted, taking into 
account the nature and gravity of the offence, its importance as an* 
the welfare of the national game, the provocation for its commission and 
such Other circumstances as may be submitted that are entitled to be con- 
sidered, and he shall report in writing his opinion and finding in the prem- 
ises, and if the offence be proven, he shall affix the penalty that in his judg- 
ment should be imposed and forward the same, together with his Opinion 
inclusions and all the papers, to his associate nearest in territory, who 
shall attach thereto his opinion and conclusions and judgment and forward 
tlte same to the remaining member of the tribunal, who shall forward his 
opinion, conclusions and findings and all the papers in the case to the presi- 
dent of the tribunal, and he in turn shall return the papers and opinions, 
conclusions and findings to the President of the League, who shall carry 
Keel the judgment of said Board or a majority thereof by imposing 
the fine or enforcing the suspension or expulsion, suspending the player or 
umpire as determined by the tribunal or a majority, or acquit him, the 
case may be, as may be certified by the Board of Discipline or a majority 
thereof, Jls afore-... 

Sixth — When the members of the tribunal or a majority thereof do not 
agree upon a judgment, the President oi the League shall select someone of 
the opinions as the one to be followed (providing it be not the extreme 



ANNUAL MEETING OK NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



71 



penality), and that shall be considered the judgment and be enforced accord- 
ing to the provisions of Section 5. 

Seventh— The penalty for violation of offences prohibited, within the 
meaning and intent of this measure, is entirely within the discretion of t he 
Board of Discipline, and may be suspension for days, for months, for the 
unexpired season, for a year or for life, or it may impose a fine, accordidg to 
the conditions, circumstances and nature of the offence, it being the judg- 
ment of the League that an unwarranted and brutal use of vulgarity 10 a 
itOT or within the presence of spectators and within the hearing of 
Ladies, should debar the offender forever from service with his club or any 
other club, member of this League or subject to its jurisdiction. 

Eighth— PROHIBITED LANGUAGE AND ACTIONS. 

(a) Any player or umpire who uses contemptuous or disrespectful lan- 
guage or actions against spectator, umpire or club official during the game 
commits an offence. 

(/«) Any player or umpire who assaults or attempts to assault another 
player, umpire or spectator during a game commits an offence. 

1,1 Any player or umpire who uses profane or obscene language against 
any one during a game "I b ill 8 nunits an offence* 

Ninth -The extreme penalty proposed in this measure, VIZ., "life expul- 
sion," shall require the unanimous approval of the three members of the 
tribunal, and provided, also, before imposing such a penalty the accused 
shall be notified, that he can defend in person, and by counsel, if he elects, 
in which event tin- president of the tribunal shall call a meeting of said 
|: ,. 11 I at some city to he selected by him, most convenient to the members 
and the accused, the traveling expenses and hotel bills of the Hoard to be 
paid by the League. 

Tenth — When two members concul in the penalty to he imposed that 
shall be considered as the judgment of the tribunal, except as provided in 
Rule* 8 and it. 

Kleventh— That justice may be done and no wrong committed, it shall be 
competent for either parties to a 1 ase submitted to the tribunal to show 

under oath the character and standing of those who make the cbargfs and 

give evidence, and before the " life expulsion " can be imposed, the a< 1 
nia\,-if be elect, have tin. opportunity of cross-examining the witnesses 
against bun by depositions. 

Twelfth There shall In: no appeal from a decision by the tribunal or a 
majority for a hearing or a reopening of a c;ise except by unanimous vote of 
I he Board of Directors, based Upon new evidence. 

Thirteenth The tribunal shall be selected by the National League with 
due regard for fitness, integrity, knowledge of and interest in the national 
e ball, tine of its members shall be designated president of the 
tribunal, and no one shall be a member who is financially interested in a 
club, member of this League. Whenever a case is submitted under the 
provisions of this enactment, each member of the tribunal shall carefully 
examine all evidence submitted and render his finding according to the 



7C 



ANNUM. MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



same, and ii" hearing shall be secret, unless so requested by both parties to 
the controversy. 

fourteenth— The first tribunal under this provision shall be composed of 
L. C. Kronthoff, who shall be elected to serve three years or until hi i u< 
cessor is elected; Louis Kramer, who shall serve two years or until his 
succe sor is elected, and Frederick K. Steins, who shall serve one yeai I 
until his successor is elected, and beginning with 1899 and each year there- 
after, there shall be one member elected to serve three years. 

Fifteenth — If a player under suspension pending investigation should be 
acquitted by the tribunal, his salary shall be paid by the President of the 
League for the time he was under suspension. 

Sixteenth— To compensate in part for the loss to a club of a player who 
has been suspended under these provisions for a period longer than one 
year, the club may select one member of the League to represent it and the 
President of the League shall select some member of the League to repre- 
sent the League, and the two, if unable to agree, shall select the third 
member of the League, and they or a majority of them shall place ■ fab 

estimate of value upon the release of the playei disciplined, and the 
League shall pay to the club one-half of Bucfc award, and in CS ••■ said per 
sons or a majority do not arrive at an award, said Hoard of Discipline or a 
majority thereof shall make the award. 

Seventeenth — All elections t" fill vacancies in the tribunal shall be by 
ballot upon nominations, and it shall require a majority vote I i ■ ■ 

Eighteenth— All . the tribunal caused by death or resignation 

shall be temporarily filled by the President of the League until the next 
meeting at which an annual election occurs, when it shall be filled by ballot 
for the unexpired term. 

Nineteenth— The compensation to be allowed the members of the tribunal 
shall be fixed by the President of the L rding to the circumstances 

of each case, and be paid by the League, together with traveling ex] 
and hotel bills, if they m« as provided in Section 9. 

Twentieth The Board of Discipline has authority to consider and 
upon any complaint submitted to it by the President of the League for 
offences which are prohibited by this measure and enforce the penalties 
hereinbefore stated. 

Twenty-first — The annual meeting for the election of members to fill 
vacancies upon the tribunal shall be the annual ached of the 

League. 

Twenty-second— This measure may be altered or amended at any annua! 
or schedule meeting of the League by a majority n 

Twenty-third— The President of the League is authorized to publish this 
measure in the official records of the League book, and to provide a iirffii ieni 
number of copies of the same to supply all requirements of a thorough dis- 
tribution among players and employes of the clubs, umpires and club officials 
pf the National League, 



ANNUAL MEETING or NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



73 



venty-fourth — The members <>f said Board shall meet at some con- 
\ iii-iu point within thirty days from its creation and establish Rules and 
Regulations for its government, not inconsistent with this " Measure," and 

it shall have the right to employ a stenographer at the expense of the 
I - ' lie, ia the i lim's mentioned in Section 9, at any joint meeting of the 
niemhers of said Hoard. 

(Signed) .In,.. T. Brush, ) 

Jas. A. Hart, (.Committee. 

A. H. SoDBN, \ 

Mr. Fred K. Stearns was unanimously elected a member of 
the Hoard of Discipline for three years. 

It was unanimously voted (hat when we adjourn we adjourn 
to meet subject to the call of President, 

A unanimous vote of thanks was tendered to the Committees 
on Constitution, 1'laying Rules and Hoard of Discipline. 

No further business appearing, on motion adjourned. 
N. E. yOUNG, Secretary. A. 11. SODEN, Chairman. 



74 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



RECONVENED ANNUAL MEETING 

Reconvened Annual Meeting of the National League and 

American Association of Professional Base Bali Clubs, 

held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York 

City, Friday, March 24, 1899. 

Meeting called to order by the Chairman at 5 P. M. 

The following-named gentlemen were present as the repre- 
sentatives of their respective clubs : 

Present : 

A. II. Soden and W. II. Conant, representing the Boston 
Base 11. ill Association. 

A. II. Soden, representing the National Exhibition Company 
of New York City. 

A. II. Soden, representing the Pittsburg Athletic Company. 

I 1 '. Dell. Robison, representing the Cleveland Rase Uall 
< Company. 

A. II. Soden, representing the Louisville Have Hall Com- 
pany. 

II. K. Yon der Hoist, representing "The Baltimore Base 
Ball and Exhibition Company," 

fobn I. Rogers, representing ths Philadelphia Ball Club, 
Limited. 

C. II. Ebbets and I''. A. Abell, representing the Brooklyn 
Kail Club. 

|. T. Brush, representing the Cincinnati Rase Hall Club. 

I. Earl Wagner, representing the National Base Ball Club, 
of Washington, 1). C. 

lames A. Hart, representing the Chicago League Ball Club. 

On motion the reading of the minutes of the last meeting 
was dispensed with. 

Mr. Hart moved that it is the sense of this meeting that the 
St. Louis Base Hall Association and Sportsman's Park and 
I lub, located in St. Louis, be expelled for cause. Upon a ballot 
being taken all the club members voted for expulsion, except 
the representative of the Philadelphia Club, Limited. 

On motion a recess was taken until S o'clock l\ M. 



ANNUM. MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



75 



Meeting called to order at 9 o'clock p. M. 

After a lengthy discussion,- upon a ballot being taken, the 
St. Louis Base Iiall Association and Sportsman's Park and 
Club, located in St. Louis, was unanimously expelled from 
membership in the National League and American Association 
of Professional Base Hall Clubs. 

On motion the recommendations of the Board of Directors 
were approved, and that the American Base Ball and Athletic 
Exhibition Company of St. Louis, Mo., be elected to fill the 
vacancy. 

Upon a ballot being taken they were unanimously elected. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That under section 36 of the amended League 
Constitution for 1899, the players under contract or reservation 
to the St. Louis Base Ball Association or the Sportsman's I'ark 
and Club be transferred to the American Base Ball and Athletic 
Exhibition Company of St. Louis, Mo. 

By direction of the League the contracts of players who have _ 
signed contracts with the Sportman's Park and Club or the St. 
Louis Base Iiall Association, have been assigned to the Cleve- 
land Base Ball Company, and the players held under reserva- 
tion by the above organizations have been transferred to the 
reserve list of the Cleveland Base liall Company for 1S99. 

On motion adjourned to meet at II o'clock a. m. on the fol- 
lowing day. 

SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1899. 

Meeting called to order at ir.50 A. M. 

The Committee on Schedule submitted his report. 

The schedule, as amended, was adopted by an affirmative 
vote of eleven clubs. 

On motion the championship season was extended from 
April 14 to October 15, both inclusive. 

It was unanimously voted that when we adjourn, we adjourn 
to meet subject to the call of the President. 

No further business appearing, on motion adjourned. 

A. H. SQDEN, Chairman* 
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary. 



76 



OFFICERS AND I'l.AVERS. 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS 

The following is an official list of the officers of the National 
League and American Association of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs, and officers and players of clubs, members thereof, for 
the season of 1899, so far as completed to April I, 1899. 
N. E. YOUNG, President and Secretary, 

1417 G St., N. \V., Washington, 1). C, 

DIRECTORS. 

A. H. Soden, Jas. A. HART, Jno. I, Rogers, J. E. Wagnek, 
J. T. BRUSH. 



BOSTON BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, BOSTON, MASS. 

A. II. Soden, President, aio Atlantic Ave. 



C. A. Nichols, 
F. A. Klobedanz, 
Chas. Hickman, 
( Iscar Streit, 
E. M. Lewis, 
V. G. Willis, 
W. J. Clark, 



Geo. Yeager, 
M. Bergan, 
Fred Tenney, 
R, I., Lowe, 
I lerman Long, 
James Collins, 
Hugh Duffy, 



Win. R. Hamilton, 
Charles Stahl, 

(.'has. 1'risbie, 
J. A. Smith, 
W. E. Bransfield, 
J. Stafford, 
Chas. IS. Kuhns. 



BALTIMORE BASK HALL CLUB, BALTIMORE, MI>. 
Edward IIani.on, President, 1401 Mi. Royal Ave. 

II. R. Von DER HORST, Treasurer, American Building. 

II. R. BORMAN, Secretary, 1727 X. Broadway, 
W. Robinson, - McKenna, J. McGraw, 



A. Smith, Nops, 

|. B. Ryan, Kitson, 

Howell, Geo. LaChance, 

McCinnity, T. O'Brien, 

- \l<;Farlan, - Harris, 



Keister, 



W. Brodie, 

Sheckard, 

=— . — I [olmea, 



OFFICERS ami rr. AVERS. 



77 



T. C. Donahue, 
Frank L. Chance, 
A. F. Nichols, 
('. C, Griffith, 
J. J. Callahan, 
Jim. Taylor, 



\Y. M. I 'arick, 
i leo. S. I lavis, 
J. J. Doyle, 
E. R, Doheny 
C. F. Foster, 



|as. Ryan, 
W. J. McCormick, 
W'm. Lange, 
Samuel Mertes, 
D. Green. 



CHICAGO LEAGUE BALL CLUB, CHICAGO. ILL. 

[as. a. Hart, President, Thos. Burns, Manager, 

Fisher Building. 

Win. I'hyle, 
John ECatoll, 
Win. L. Everett, 
|as. Connor, 
E. DeMontreville, 
I tarry C. Wolverton, 

NATIONAL EXHIBITION CO., NEW YORK CITY. 

Andrew FrbeDMAN, President, 142 Broadway. 

II. A. BONNELL, Secretary. 

Win. Gleason, C. E. Van llallren, 

\l. W. Grady, Parke A. Wilson, 

!•'. Ilaitnian, J. J. Warm 1. 

Jno. I'nhl, 
M. Tiernan, 

CLEVELAND BASE BALL COMPANY. 
M. Stanley Robison, President, Geo. W. Muir, Secretary, 

Cuyahoga Building. 
Oliver Telieau, Frank Wilson, 

Geo. Cuppy, |. C. Burkett, 

II. C. Blake, J. E. Heidrii k, 

Lewis Criger, E. J. McKean, 

C. L. Zimmer, C. I.. Childs, 



K. J". Wallace, 
L. W. McAllister, 
Burl Joins. 
< ). F. Schrecongost, 
C. F. Hates. 



AMERICAN F.ASF BALL AND ATHLETIC EXHIBI- 
TION CO. OF ST. LOUIS, MO. 
F. DeH. Robison, I'ivs., Chas. E. Becker, Vice-Pres., 

Wm. (',. SCHOFIELD, Secretary. 

|os. Sugden, Jos. Quinn, T. J. Dowd, 

Win. Hill, Suicr Sullivan, Harry Maupin, 

John S. Stivetts, Lave N, Cross, 'II. R. Lockhead. 

PHILADELPHIA BALL CLUB (Limited), PIIIl.A, PA. 

A. J. Reach, President. Jno. I, Rogers, Treas. 

Fidelity-Mutual Building. 

E. J. Delahanly, Jno. ]'. I'iliehl, Elmer II. Flick, 

Roy A. Thomas, Albert Orth, Montfor.l Cross, 

Wm. Lander, Wm. Bernhard, Pierce Chiles, 

David Fultz Win. II. Piatt, W. Duggleby, 

I'.eo. L. Wheeler, C, C, Eraser, Edward J. Murphy, 



7S 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 



LOUISVILLE BASE BALL COMPANY. 
Barney Drbyfuss, President. Harry C. I'ui.i.iam, Secretary, 



Fred. Clarke, 
K. < 'unningham, 
W. CHngman, 
II. T. Croft, 
II. J. Dowling, 
( reo. Decker, 



F. Hartsell, 
Win. Hoy, 
M. Kit I ridge, 
T. W. Leach, 
W. Mai 



M . I!. Powers, 
C. Ritchey, 

W. S. Woods, 
E. Waddell, 
Chas. Phillips. 



CINCINNATI BASE BALL CLUB, CINCINNATI, O. 
J. T. Brush, President. N. A. Lloyd, Treas. 

Court and Plum Streets. 



T. Breitenstein, 

J. T. Beckley, 
T, W. Corcoran. 
W. Damnum, 
F. Duyer, 
K. P. Hawley, 
!•'. lluliu, 



C. E. Irw in, 
C. I!. Miller, 
|. A. McPhee, 
A. G. McBride, 
C. II. Peitz, 
E. Smith, 



H. Steinfelclt, 
Al Selbach, 
J. B. Taylor, 
II. Vaughn, 
Robt. Wood, 
W. C. Phillips. 



PITTSBURG BASE BALL CLUB, PITTSBURG, PA. 
W. W. Kerr, President, 80S Liberty St. 

C. II. Beaumont, A. Madison, \Y. Seliriver, 

J. Cronin, !•'. McCreery, Sparks, 

P.J. Donovan, |. A. McCarthy, [. Tannehill, 

W. F. Ely, !'. O'Brii n, J. Williams, 

W. Hofler, J. J. O'Connor, E. J. Boyle, 

( ). Krueger, II. F. Payne, Win. Rhines, 

S. Leever, |. Rothfuss, Frank Bowermann, 

L. Lepine, II. P. Reitz, W. dark. 

WASHINGTON NATIONAL BASE BALL CLUB, 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 
Gi 1 W. Wagner, President J. Earl Wagner, Trias. 
K. Baker, Chas. Farrell, J. O'Brien, 

J. P. Casey, J. Freeman, R. Padden, 

Ed, Dunkle, I'- Killen, Jas. Slayle, 

II. Ha\is. Jas. McGuire, A. Weyhing. 

BROOKLYN BASE BALL CLUB, BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

(mas. II. Emu its. President. F. A. A BELL, Treas. 
T. P. Daly, F. A. Jones, W. C. McKenna, 

Jno. Dunn, W. Kennedy. J. IS. Ryan, 

E. I". Dowd, W. II. Keister, . Alex Smith, 

11. Howell, (j. II. Magoon, J. Yeager. 



i 



<# 



Official Ceague Statistics 

Compiled by N. E. Young, President of t-he National League. 



BATTING RECORD 

Of Piayers Who Have Taken Part in Fifteen or More Games. 



2.1 



Name. 



Keeler 

Freeman. 
Hamilton. 

Burketl 

Smith . .. 
Collins. . . . 
Tenney. . . 
i McCiraw.. 
J I 



Delehanty... . 

1 Mercer 

Kitson 

Lange 

1 Nance 

1 Daly 

Kelley 

Bagan ... . 

I Ajoie 

Green 

Bverett 

1 ). Mniit'ville. 

r [ennings 

Ryan 

r Hartzcll 

I Duffy 

) Flick 

I. Cross 

I Chirk 

I Hoy 

17 Cooley 

IS Karrefl 

19, Van Haltren. . . 

Dexter 

Stahl 

21'Clark 

2 J 

2.1 



28 



21 



I >avis 

Wagner.. . . 

j J . 

I Mertes... 

Vaughn. .. . 

I Donovan 
J Smith 

I Reiti 

[Selbach. . 
McBride.... 



CLUB. 



Baltimore 128 

Washington 20 

Boston 109 

Cleveland IIS 

Cincinnati 122 

Boston 152 

NT 
i II 
I 12 

ra 

23 

111 
82 
28 



2M Miller. 



Boston 

Baltimore 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Chicago 

Louisville 

Brooklyn . . 

Baltimore 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

t Chicago 



Baltimore 

Baltimore 

Chicago 

Louisville 

Boston 

Philadelphia 

St. Louis 

Louisville 

Louisville 1...:.... 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

New York 

Louisville 

Boston 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Louisville 

Brooklyn 

Chicago 

Cincinnati 

Pittshurg 

Washington 

Washingtoi 18S 

Washington Il>l 

mati 120 

Cincinnati 152 



126 21 1 

IS 39 

111 163 

76 166 



18 

7!> 
18 
11 24 
71 158 
1 l| 20 
113 200 



102 m 

122 I '.is 
47 [OS 

12! I 205 
80137 
69 1 16 
29 hi 
si i 1 18 
si i 180 
ss [82 
16 80 
SS 88 

112 is I 

84 ro 

60 147 
88 154 
94 in; 
96 176 



- 

r- 

280 
57 
188 

248 

208 
293 
201 
■,'nl 
251 
100 

32 
199 

88 

29 
210 

28 

828 si 
825 218 
825 206 
825 223 

819 24 

819 '-".'! 
,819 20! 
.819245 
.818 246 
.818 250 
.817 260 



804 108 
808 105 

802 '.'is 
802 94 
802 176 
802 212 
3i k I 158 



26 
4 

59 
20 
19 
in 
28 

12 
112 
11 

4 
25 

o 

I'l 

!2 

1 1 

r. 88 
:) in 
9 28 
12 58 
7 .",1 
J 29 

2 8 
r, 82 
1 1 29 



BASE KALI. GUIDE. 
BATT I N( ; K ECO R I >s — ( 'on tin u*td t 



'X 



Name. 



Beckley 

) Powers 

| McGann 

Griffin 

S Stafford 

/ Anderson... . 

Tannehill 

j Grady 

/ Heidrick. . . . 

Doyle 

j Sheckard 

) Dahlen 

fChilds 

! \h Carthy... 

I Bergen 

[Steinfeldt. .. 

j Bowerman... 

| Chance 

\ Tiernan 

I McFarland . 

McKean 

Thornton . . . 

f Foster 

J Decker 

I Holmes 

I Peitz 

Wood 

C Stenzel 

43| J Lewi* 

'' j Ortli 

1 man 

44 Brodie 

Vi Robinson 

j Long 

t Grim 

McFarland .... 



ii 



42 



Cl-I'H. 



48 



l Creiger. . 

McGuire 

f Seymour 

j Lander 

I Lowe 

Davis 

Casey 

t Wallace 

I PUt! 

Clements 

Hart man 

McCreery 

Yeager 

( Clingman . . . 
- ( )'» lonnor 

( Ahbaticchio. 



Cincinnati 

Louisville 

Baltimore 

Brooklyn 

Louisville and Boston. >• 
Washington and Baltimore. 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Cleveland 

Washington and New York. 

Brooklyn 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Pittsburg 



Cincinnati 

Pittsburg 

Chicago 

New York 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland ... 

Chicago 

New York 

Louisville and St. Louis . . . 
St. Louis and Baltimore. .. . 

( !incinnati 

Cincinnati 

Baltimore and St. Louis. . . . 

Boston 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

Pittsburg and Baltimore. . . . 

lore 

Boston 

I vii 

Philadelphia 

Cleveland 

Washington 

New York 

Philadelphia 



Louisville and Pittsburg. . .. 

Washington 

i lleveland 

Philadelphia 

Si. Louis 

New York 

Iphia 

New York and Philadelphia 

Boston 

Louisville 

Cleveland 

Philadelphia 



m 

52 ! 
122 
537 

446 
804 

:>:x 
L4fi 
119 

56 

Of i-l 

•>i is 

110 
ii-.' 
541 
824 
100 
542 
129 
lis 
140J560 

:; '."•. 

[44 586 
BO 178 

lis 181 
si 280 

[28 I83 
78 291 
'.!. 856 

1 19 566 
94 858 



1 
122 171 
146 580 



161 


.296 201 


k; 


.295 99 


!.-.••) 


.295 256 


4a 


.294 61 


s:; 


.298121 


W 


.:.".« :;n 


138 


.292 174 


IIS 


.290 li'.l 



86 

18 
97 
92 
47 
si 
28 
62 
10 
68 
51 

96 152 
91 122 
155 
65 
46 
'.'i 
82 
89 

9 
88 
.",1 
11 
49 
64 
48 
12 
91 

i; 
ii 

;; 

28 
89 

'.is 
IS 

64 
13 

w 
in 
42 
69 
I'.i 
18 
81 
19 
89 
58 
[06 
49 
86 
61 
.-ii 
111 



X a 



299 198 
298 41 

■J'. is 'Jill 

in 

290 210 Ii 
289 148 1 1 
289 207 21 



[29 


.289 


[68 


!l 


B 


ss ,289 


[19 I'.i 


9 


78 .288 


85 


a 


« 


42 .288 


55 


2 


5 


us .asi; 


n;s 


10 


19 


16 .286 


23 


I 


4 


17-J .2H.-i 


221 


[3 


10 


59 


.288 


69 


H 


7 


81 


.281 


87 


1 


ii 


116 


.'.'HI 


ill 8 


10 


151 


.281 


182 '.i 


87 


HI 


.281 


122 6 


12 


UK 


. 281 1 


83 ;.' 


1 


151 




86 


.279 


42 5 (i 


83 .279 


411 1 1 


[56 


.279 


[96 10,3 


71 


.278 


85 7 4 


79 


.276 


91 . ■ 


161 


275 


■-'is 11 22 


49 


■r, :. 


..i I 9 


lis 


.274 


[55 9 3 


79 


.278 


102 6 3 


;.;■• 


278 


[59 10 11 


79 


.278 


'.r.i 2 6 


97 


.972 


132 


18 7 


[54 


272 


194 


80 'i 


'.1', 


,271 


184 


9 12 


80 


.270 


82 


1 Ii 


I.V.I 


.269 


■;n ii 'j 


32 269 


86 


1 


87 


268 125 


s 1 


m 


.267 


169 


8 in 


[54 


.SS«fi 


198 


25 81 




.264 


122 


7 7 




Sll 


8 8 


142 .262 


166 


15 18 


• 


153 


11 9 


21 


■-'■;■; 


87 


! 


4 



SPALDING s OFFICIAL 



i; \ i riNC records — Continued. 



Nam I-:. 



Meyers 

\ A. Smith 

| Killen 

I Tucker 

en 

Cross 

Hickman 

Kennedy 

Ritchie 

Warner 

( fallahan 

Padden 

McAllister 

i Tebeau 

n 

I Joyce 

I Young 

Nichols 

Stivetts 

1 Hall 

i Quinn 

I Gatans 

! KittiM 

| Xiiniuer... . . . . 

Dunn 

I II. v 



i mirk... 

) Wilinot 

i Mcl'liee 



I Clarke 

rlallman 

Wrigley 

Corcoran 

{LaChance . ... 
Dowd 

Taylor. 

i Irwin 

i Hoiliday 

Kilroy 

\ I l.tsi ings 

] Crooks 

\ Diinnhue 

/ Unfiles 

i \1. lleer 

'I Isbcll 

Nops 

I Gray 

\\ agner 

/ Nash 

Cunningham ... 
Shindle 



Club. 



Washington 

Brooklyn 

Washington and Pittsburg. 
St. Louisand Brooklyn.... 

St. Louis. 

Philadelphia 

Boston 

vn 

Louisville 

New York 

Chicago 

Pittsburg 

Cleveland 

Cleveland 

Baltimore and Pittsburg.. . 

New- York 

i Cleveland 

Boston 

Boston 

St. Louis 

St. Louis and Baltimore — 

Washington 

Louisville 

Cleveland 

Brooklyn .... 

St. Louis 

New York 

Chicago 

New York 

nati 

I leveland 

Baltimore 

Brooklyn 

Washington 

Cincinnati 

lyn 

St. Louis 

St. Loui i 

( in' iimati 

< in iimali 



Pittsburg 

St. Louis 



Baltimore 

< /leveland 



Baltimore 

Pittsburg 

Washington and Bro 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Brooklyn 



588 
IK 

Mil 
111(1 
92 

42 
228 
890 

mi 
866 

. 

IK I 
529 
r,s 258 
a i 69 
■i : un 
120 161 



88 
51 
31 

13!l 
78 

138 
15 
85 

145 
ilT 
41 

119 
II 

121 

121) 

ISO 

.7.1 

89 
28 

36 

in;; 
It 
72 
35 
41 
188 
is 
181 
.'il 
I 120 
ir, li:, 
28 69 
66 125 
,-,ii 98 
sn 151 
61 128 
7d 112 
17! 38 
12 



84 

2H 
5 

33 
53 
21 
47 
in 

.Mi 133 
22 60 

n ta 

21 32 
50 lie, 



-.'ill 
,280 

Miin 
.259 
.25!) 
.251) 
.V.V.I 

2511 

25!) 
.2511 
.258 
.-■5li 

.255 
254 
.254 
253 
.258 
.252 
.862 
.252 
.252 
.2511 
.2511 
.'.'.-,n 
.2511 



38 

ir 

31 
161) 

83 
173 

17 

47 
lis 
I'M 

61 
1,7 

is 

1 1; 
i in 

191 

52 

5' 

3' 

311 
127 

Hi 

96 

17 

43 

is [50 

.~'ls 5i 

.248 171 

.'.'II, is 

.215 I in 

.245 I. Mi 

.211 115 15 
.248 182 II 
248 172 II 



.212 


50 


5 


.'.'In 


151 


II 


.2111 


28 


5 


.289 


25 


M 


288 


12 


1 


.288 


68 


11 


.286 


107 




.288 


5.S 


.'! 




92 


7 


":;.', 


41 


li 


.233 


21', 


1 


.232 


152 




.222 


75 


1 




"(i 


n 


229 


41 


2 


. 228 


1 25 


12 



BASE B \1 I. 01 [in. 



BATTING RECORDS -Continued. 






■I," 
Si 
08 
99 
100 
101 

102 

10.! 
KM 

JOS 

108 



108 
[09 
110 

111 

11.' 

II", 
111 
113 
118 
117 
II 

ll'.i 

121 
139 

123 



ler 

\ S,l, river. . . . 
i Afagoon 

I 

Sullivan 

' Connor 

I rleason 

Breitenstein. . 

) Daiiiman. . . 

in. ... 

l Rusio 

Kl" ; . 

I |ly 

I Turner .. . 
Franks 

Smith 

r Maul 

Carsey 

j Miller .... 

I Can 

Fultz 

Murphy 

Ryan 

Hawley 

Leahy 

Weyhing 

■ van . . 

ICt 

Hall .'. 

\1 I : m . . 

:' 

1 Griffith ... 
Dofaeny 

i 1. miner 

I row tl 

Woods 

\ Si, 11,.. if .... 

I Wilson 

Smith 

Rhines 

... . 

I ronohue 

i - 

Dwyer 

I Hill 

I Powell 

■uppy 

Fifield 

Dineen 

Hughey 



Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

Brooklyn 

Pittsburg 

St. Louis 

New York 

Cincinnati 

Cincinnati 

New* York 

\. v.- York 

Boston 

Pittsburg 

: - 

Cleveland 

Louisville 

Louisville 

Baltimore 

St. Louis 

Brooklyn 

Washington 

Philadelphia 

Philadelphia and Pittsburg. 

Brooklyn 

i level I and Louisville. 

nati 

Louisville.. 

Washington 



n [ton 

tyn 

re 

Baltimore. 

i ! 1 e . . . 

\>"<v xorl 

Pittsburg 





is 

Cleveland 

.1 . Louis 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

tali 

Cincinnati... 

( llevcland 

tnd 

Iphia 



St. Louis 



1.-. 11 
98 812 
98 344 
15 49 
40 I 12 
136 501 
I I'.i 571 
89 119 

2a 78 

85 129 

86 136 

148 519 

:;i 188 

81 1 Hi 
3", 109 
89 HI 
33 lo:, 



Mil Id:, 
K'.! 301 



31,1 II 
29 B5 

■1' 13' 



« I n 
H y. i. 



13 11 
•J 24 





r. 

■j 
l 

4 

1 

1 

1 

I 

3 

3 2 

8 
S 
•J 
2 
1 
8 
ll 
1 
1 

1 
.'! 
I 

:, ,, 

7 il 

•J 5 

1 1 

2 -1 
i I 
1 2 
l I 
n I 



3 1 

< 1 

3 1 



SPALDING'S OFFICIAL 



FIELDING RECORD, J 898. 



FIRST BASEMEN. 



Name. 



Club. 



Lai li.in.x- Brooklyn 

(Clark Pittsburg 

(O'Connor Cleveland 

i Beck ley Cincinnati 

i Tebeau Cleveland 

LVfcGann Ball imore 

Decker Louisville and St. Louis.. 

| Ten lie y Boston. 

) Tucker Brooklyn and St. Louis.. 

\ Everett .... Chicago 

/ Vaughn Cincinnati 

Wagner Louisville 

\ Doyle New York and Wash 

■ Davis Louisville and Piti burg.. 

\ Douglas i' 1 1 la' 1'- 1 phi. i 

II. Washington 

i M 'in re Washington 

O'Brien Baltimore and Pittsburg.. 

Joyce New Yorfe 

Carr Washington 

>n VYashinfrtrm and B'klyn... 



3 




.- c 

J. b- 

/ u 
«, - 


u 

„ c 

R47 


814 


a (i 


599 


28 6 




690 


34 s 




lira 


54 18 1244 


948 


87 10 1000 


i tuts 


65 24 


i 195 


1".." 


;ii id 


110(1 


1081 


85 21 


1107 


[see 


81 29 


lllTd 


ISM) 


01 84 


1628 


884 


8 8 


880 


723 


48 Ki 


785 


658 


81 15 


Mid 


Mil 


44 24 


!>r,d 


1340 


8u 88 


1858 


845 


12 7 


26 1 


82. 


31 [0 




nil) 


1 6 


209 


1261 


86 II 


1888 


'm 


(i (I 


218 


in 


11 (I 


18(1 



89 

ds; 

98! 
.985 
.985 

.988 
.982 
.982 
.979 
979 
876 
.(IT.", 
.975 
.975 
.978 
.978 
.071 
.970 
,959 
.963 



EM EN. 



Daly Brooklyn 

St. Louis 

R.-ir/ Washington 

MePhee Cincinnati 

Quinn Baltimore and St. Louis. 

Lowe Boston 

) DeMontreville Baltimore 



I Tebeau Cleveland.. •• 

Ritchie Louisville.*.. 

Lajoie Philadelphia.. 

en Pittsburg 

[Cross St. 1. on is 

I Smith - Louisville 

i Hallman Brooklyn 

Connor [Chit ago 

Gleason New York — 

[ennings Baltimore 

Steinfeldt 

Stafford 

Childs 

Kagan 



Cincinnati 

Louisville and 

Cleveland 

1'ittshiirg 



.':; 


58 


75 


" 




65 185 


199 16 


899 


182 


825 


102 88 


760 


128 


■JdS 


887 •■!',' 


. 17 


70 


156 


i.i id 


18 


38., 


147 


408 


146 


III 


sir.' 


123 


805 


888 


1, 


730 


84 


88 


ds 


in 


196 


,:! 


■;n 


(ill 


88 


445 


I 16 


l-.M 


■III 


is 


(113 


128 


808 


li in 


II 


,.." 


ltd 


218 


349133 


595 


80 


76 


XS III 


178 


124 


266 


122 12 


780 


16 


823 


18. In 


780 


IS 


869 


168 58 


Ml" 


■•:, 


78 




is; 


29 


72 


88 li.' 


... 


80 


68 


83 13 


159 


ii id 


•m 




695 


16 


4(1 


(»' 10 


lit; 



.(18., 
.!»,-.' 
,966 
.966 
.968 
.952 
.did 
.did 
.948 
.947 
.1115 
d 16 
.948 
.in-; 
986 
.986 
ir." i 
928 
did 
916 
in 1. 



Nar.li 

Wagner 

Wallace 

} Collins. . . . 

I Irwin 

Clingman 

Shindle 

Smith 

rmick . 
Hartman. . . . 

Gray 

McGraw. . . . 

Lander 



i- 

Abbatii 



B u I. ..i IDE, 
I 1IIU1) BASEMEN. 



Ci 



Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Cleveland 

Boston 

Cincinnati 

Louisville 

Brooklyn 

Washington 



\\-..\- york 

Pittsburg 

Baltimore 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

Washington 

i .11 and B'klyn. 
Philadelphia 



3S 

lill 

■Jill', 

■j in 

22i I 
154 

66 

1.-.G 

II:-' 

176 

111 
,29 

22 

88 

n 

24 



:« 



146 88 
888 1" 
86 
28 
II 
15 



958 

.1115 
943 



inn .'.<:::. 



985 
.220 
.906 
902 

.goo 

.887 

. 882 
.878 
.874 

.M72 
(20 .850 
209 .888 

59 si I 



SHORTSTOPS. 



1 Jennings. 



Ely. 

Quinn 

I I (avis 

1 Corcoran. . 
Clingman . . . 
McKean 

I PeMontrevill 

Uagoon 

Cross 

Ritchie. . . . . . 

1 Smith 

I Dahlen.... 

Sullivan 

Wrigley 

Mercer 

Hall 

I :ii lhance. . . 



ii'TC 

Pittsburg 

Baltimore and St. Louis . 

Vurk 

Cincinnati 

Louisville 

Cleveland 





VII 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

lis 

Chicago 

St. Louis 

Washington 

Washiugton 

St. Louis 

Brooklyn 

ngton 



364 49 
33 52 
143 16 

584 88 
266 33 
128 56 
171 (17 
102 F 
860 49 

.V.'SSI 
220 I" 
I m; -;i 
no 78 

68 18 
::::i 67 

6717 

108 82 

I II lo 

22 II lit 



699 
896 

a I 
828 
981 

ii;; 
784 
in I 
IK! 
607 
1021 

till 

26S 
B57 
187 
689 
122 
186 

2NK 
82 



/III 

.iiw 
.988 
.981 
.981 
.929 
.928 
.927 
.'.!■.' I 
.919 

. ■- > i r 

.'.hi 

.909 

.'.mil 
.'.in:, 
.806 
.860 

.H27 

768 



OUTFII 



1' Freeman.. 

KeUey .. 

Holliday. 
Burkett.. 

Foster. 



s » K< 



cFarlantl. 



Wash! i 
New V"i k . . . 

lya ... 
Baltimore. . . 

jo 

nn.uJ ■ ■ 
Cleveland. . . 
New York. .. 

iati. . . 



■.■:> 


:is 


1 


ii 


12 


Hi:: 


180 


in 


o 


1 12 


;i 


818 


l'.i 


7 


345 


128 




i.. 


7 


■-•:.; 


1. 


S'.l 


'.I 


.1 


101 


26 


61 


1 


2 


ill 


II- 


286 


1- m 


'."'1 


:.'" 


28 


i •; 


:;i 


16 


211 


1 


1 


2* 



.1111 

.966 
. :.;'.! 
.978 
.970 
.989 
.968 
984 
984 



- 



SPALDING'S OFFICIAL 



OUT Fl ELD ERS— Coutin tied. 



Namk. 



Delehnnty 

Clarl 

McAleer 

Brodie 

fStahJ 

| M< Bride*.. . . 

1 Blake 

[ Dexter 

FHck 

i Hoy 

* Kecler 

Anderson 

Cooley 

i Brown 

i Duffy 

Turner 

i I Donovan. .. . 

) E. E. Smith. 

Selbach 

Stenzel 

Stafford 

j Miller 

/ JolK'S 

Steinfeldt 

Eiarley 

( Holmes 

I O'Brien 

McCarthy 

Van tlaltren.. . 

Gettman 

Dowd 

Isbell 

Mertes 

Ryan 

i 

Sheckard 

Franks 

Donovan 

1 A. Smith. 

i Grady 

Wilmot 

Hartzell 

Mercer 

I tamilton 

Thornton . . - . . 
eery 

Doyle 

Nance 

Heidrick 

Chance 

Gettig 



Club. 



Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Cleveland 

Pittsburg ami Baltimore. 

Boston 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Louisville 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Baltimore 

Wellington and Brooklyn. 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

Boston 

St. Louis 

Pittsburg 

Cincinnati 

Washington 

Baltimore and St. Louis. 
Louisville and Boston... 

Cincinnati 

! ! 1 y n 

Cincinnati 

St. Louis 

St. Louis and Baltimore.. ' 

Baltimore and Pittsburgh 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Wa ihington 

St. Louis 

Chicago 

Chicago 

( Chicago 



[yn 

Cleveland 

Washington 

Bn ii >]clyn 

New York 

New York < 

Louisville 

Washington 

B -n 



New York and Pittsburg. 
New York and Washingl 'n 

Louisville 

Cleveland 

Chicago 

New York 











wi 






















J 


O 


~ 


' 


„ C 


8 




"7 


a 












t- J 


_ 


Hi 


< 


M 


142 


300 


20 


12 


332 


[45 


846 


w.l 


14 


882 


III:.' 


an 


15 


in 


2111 


i;., 


1H4 


'.i 


7 


180 


UH 


2I«> 


IB 


'.1 


224 


120 


289 


•ii 


13 


322 


135 


232 


22 


11 


265 


89 15! 


14 


7 


173 


133 24S 


2fi 


13 


2MII 


lis 341 


• >, 


is 


885 


128 


■Jill 


12 


II 


233 


lid 


288 


22 


18 


273 


us 


349 


111 


19 


8R4 


1.1 


86 


1 


2 


89 


151 


328 


II 


19 


861 


:n 


49 


2 


8 


54 


1 1; 


ami 


21 


HI 


266 


i-;.' 


280 


15 


IK 


313 


I3n 


814 


23 


21 


858 


1 43 


814 


15 21 


350 


18 


ss 


5 


6 


!l!l 


158 


ffll 


.».> 


'.'I 


337 


147 


239 


19 


I, 


975 


as 


i;.-i 


5 


5 


75 


! 1! 


816 


25 


25 


866 


135 


386 


is 


'.'.; 


227 


H5 


167 


19 


1 1 


900 


185 


29 1 


IS 


21 


386 


1 55 


299 


21 


25 


845 


18! 




17 


20 


2119 




213 


22 


19 


254 


26 


12 


7 


4 


53 


:,S 


HI 


11 


9 


III 


148 


269 


21 


■;:, 


816 


109 


267 


IS 


2.1 


810 


105 


212 


15 21 


2 Is 


i; 


in 


2 


1 


46 


19 


88 


8 


1 


45 


28 


4(1 


» 


I 


44 


21 


32 


s 


4 


44 


:ll 


31 


1 


1 


42 


81 


26 


;» 


3 


81 


19 


86 


1 


1 


11 


109 


193 


tl 


23 


221 


34 


M 


t 


K 


78 


85 


14K 


10 


19 


177 


87 


37 


1 


■ > 


16 


22 


28 


1 


5 


12 


in 


20 


6 


II 


88 


IS 


24 


II 


'i 


86 


is 


13 


i 


3 


17 



.964 
.968 
.962 
.961 
.959 
.959 
.959 
,959 
.954 
,958 
.958 
.953 
.950 
.949 
.949 
.945 
.'.112 
,943 
.941 

.'.llll 

,989 
.988 
,938 
.988 

.1132 

.980 
•928 
.987 
,986 
.986 
.984 
.'.121 
.980 

.'.llll 

.918 
.918 

Ml 
909 
,909 
.905 
.908 
.902 
.898 
.887 
.893 
,898 

SSI 

.848 
.888 



BASE I ; a it. Gl IDE. 



CATCHERS' RECORDS. 



Namis. 



Club. 



O 



Zi miner < 1..- viand 

Murphy Philadelp'a and Pittsburg. 

Powers Louisville. 



McGuire Washington. 

Warner New York... 

Clements .. . St._l.nuis 

i I tonohue Chicago 

1 O'Connor Cleveland — 

i ' on Bah ■■ 

* Kit t ridge Louisville — 

■ r Cleveland . .. 

I lh tnce < '1'i' 

Bergen Boston 

Peitz Cincinnati.... 

Ryan , Brooklyn* . . . 

Mc Far land Philadelphia. 

Ilowerman Pittsburg..., 

Schriver Pittsburg — 

Wood 'in 1 i 

Sugden , St. I oul 

Clark Baltimore . . . 

Grim , Brooklyn — 

Veager .... !'■ iston 

Farrell Washington.. 

Vaughn Cincinnati . . . 

Smith i Brooklyn. . . . 

Grady New Voi k..., 

Wilson Louisville — 

Snyder. Louisville ... 



18 
30 
22 
92 382 
107,640 

117 451 



Jit 

4',' 

90 

96 l I 
142 20 

81 9 
107 28 



17 [M 


54 


; 


77 291 


70 


12 


88 257 


SI 


l:l 


81 316 


lis 


18 


27 61 11 


■' 


II'.) 487 11" 


24 


100. -J-"! 87125 


rii ana 




IH 



[18 


[25 


141 20 


63244 


86 1 1 


'.« 


:io-l 


95 18 


ir 


97 


26 7 


6! 


is-; 


94 20 


m 


!91 


7018 


M) 


157 


57 IS 


36 


160 


85 12 


6fi 186 


82 21 


:si ioi 


36 7 


20 


08 


26 10 


1, 


2111 


:,'.i 16 


2fl 


98 


85 lo 


i:> 


10 


II ■: 



I 

1 187 

2 99 

7 199 
23 825 
II 367 

590 
5 220 
II 364 
9 868 
9 111 

8 80 

irons 

5 410 

10 415 
22 608 

1 1 355 
1 1 429 

8 188 

3 298 
19 394 

8 234 

7 21 I 

6 295 
J 151 
2 101 

22 816 

8 1 16 
8 62 



.971 
. 96 1 
.959 
.958 

His 

.947 
.946 
.946 
.940 
.989 
.989 
.987 
.984 
,988 
.982 
.981 
.w.i 
'.m 
928 
.928 
.916 
.915 
.911 
.908 
.907 

SSI 

.879 
.876 
.871 



pitchers' 


RECORDS IN A! PHARETICA! 


. ORDER. 












* 


U 














Cli i . 


u 

-. 


V 

U 


s-8 

— z. 




B 
u 

B 


"5 
c v 

> X 




= a 
=5 g 

3| 






■/, 
u 
E 


e 
1) 
u 


f ■- 


OS 


- 


•J 


E 
■7. 


s « 








u 








R 




Su 






c 

36 


- 
588 


•■: 


< 
1.72 


X 
in 


re 
126 


rO 


re 


itetn 


St. Louts 


.961 


Cunningham 


': '• illc 


13 




270 


l.i 1 


r.i 


59 


13 


VI ,s 


fiiTinu 




16 
81 


.846 


.296 
259 


8.76 

1. 12 


R 


OS 


26 
79 


.'.1(11 




1 


Hi is 






■■ 


296 


272 


5 84 


17 


R7 


S-> 


.7'.a 




lelphia 

1 Muisville 


35 


.500 


278 
.265 


1 B5 
.V.-il 


Hi 
28 


116 


65 

■SO 






.842 



* Tic games- are excluded from percentage of games won. 



SPALDINC; S OFFICIAL 



pitchers' records- 


( ontinued. 










Namk. 


Club. 


-i 

V 

. 

I/! 

V 

i 

n 

•J 

27 

27 
87 

■:'.' 
20 
32 

■:■; 

: 
15 
l.-j 
48 

In 

87 
88 
32 

34 

.„, 

35 

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The 






Spalding 
League 
Ball 



IS THE ONLY 




OFFICIAL BALL J™^ 

And MUST Be Used in AH Games 







9 



Yaw Ovsvuf A&zAjLeA/ /~*. // ,, . 



A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 

NEW YORK DENVER CHICAGO 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

'THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 






LEAGUEBALfl 
\ 



The Spalding Official League Ball 

Adopted and used by the 

National League for 

twenty-three 

years. 

NO. 1. EACH, $1.25 

J» 

The Spalding 

Official Boys' League Ball 

Made exactly same as our ^ 
League Ball, only 
smaller in 
size. 

NO. B. EACH, 75o. 

No. X. Spalding's Commercial League Ball, 

No. XI!. Spalding's Boys' Commercial League Ball 

No. O. Spalding's Dottile Seam Ball, . 

Nn. -,. Spalding's Amateur Hall, . 

No. 2. Spalding's Prol ssional Ball, . 

No. 5. Spalding's King of the Diamond Hail, 

If a i Spalding** 

athhleti 

ami address to us (and liis, too) for a 
copy of our handsome tllustrati 

A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 



.50 

1.25 

•35 

.50 

•25 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 







One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




SPALDING'S CATCHERS' MITS 

No. 7-0. The Spalding Catch- 
ers' Mit. The leather is of 
the finest quality calfskin, 
the padding and workman- 
ship of the very best, and 
the additional feature of 
Lace Back makes it — as we 
intend it shall be — the 
"Perfection" of Catchers' 
Mits. . . Each, $6.00 

No. 5-0. Spalding's League Mit. Patent lace back ; 
made throughout of a specially tanned and selected 
buckskin, making a strong and durable mit, at the 
same time being very soft and pliable and heavily 
padded Each. $4.00 

No. O. Spalding's Mit. The face, sides and finger- 
piece are made of velvet-tanned deerskin, and the 
back of selected asbestos buck, making an exceed- 
ingly easy fitting and durable mit ; well padded. 

Each, $2.00 
ALL STYLES MADE IN RIGHTS AND LEFTS 

Patent Laced Back. Our Patent bared Back permits the 
ready adjo adding to suit the individual taste of the 

player, an <tunr, and found in no 

other make of mils. 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goodfl in stuck, send your name 
and address to its (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome illustrated catalogue. 



\. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



DENVER 



CH1CA0O 






One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 





SPALDING'S CATCHERS' HITS 

No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mit. 
Patent lace back; made of extra 
quality asbestos buck, perspira- 
tion proof and extremely tough 
and durable: reinforced and laced 
at thumb, substantially made ami 
well padded), . Each, Si. 50 

No. B. Spalding's Practice Mit. Made of specially 
soft tanned leather, easy fitting and admirably 
adapted for practice work ; reinforced and laced 
thumb. ...... Each, $1.00 

No. OX. Spalding's ••Decker Patent" Mit. Made 
exactly as out No. Mit, with the addition of a 
heavy piece of sole leather on back for extra pro- 
tection to the hand and lingers. . . Each. $2.7<j 

ALL STYLES MADE IN RIGHTS AND LEFTS 

Patent Laced Back. Our Patent I.: 1 Hack permits the 

ready adjustment of pa ihe 

player, a moat desirable and essential feature, and found in 

no <alier make of mils. 

If a dealer docs not carry Spaldil 

athletic goods in ■'" . 

ane address to us (and his, too) f>-.r a 
copy of our handsome illustrated catalogue. 



A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



DENVER 



CHICAGO 







One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 



Spalding's 
Infielders' 
Gloves. 




No. 2X. The Spalding Infielders' Glove. Made 
throughout of selected velvet tanned buckskin, 
lined and correctly padded with finest felt ; higl 
quality workmanship throughout. . Each, fj'2.50 
No. 2XI;. Spalding's Hoys' Infielders' '.love. Each, $2.00 
No. X. Spalding's Amateur Infielders' Glove. Each, 81.50 
No. 15. Spalding's Infielders' Glove. . Each, fi.oo 
No. XB. Spalding's Boys' Infielders' Glove. Each, $1.00 
Xo. 16. Spalding's Infielders' Glove. . Each, 50c. 

Xo. 17. Spalding's Boys' Infielders' Glove. Each, 25c. 

ALL STYLUS MADR IN RIGHTS AND LEFTS 

If a 
athletii stock, send your 

for a 
copy of oar Ikiij Isomc illustrated catalogue. 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



DENVER 



CHICAGO 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




The Spalding "Highest Quality" Bat 



No. Ar. Lengths 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 inches, quality guar- 
anteed. ..••... Each, 75^- 

Spalding's Trade-Marked Bats 

No. 3-0. Spalding's Bla( I End Wagon Tongue Ash Bat. 
League quality ; handle roughened by our patented 
process, for better grip. . . . Each, 50c. 

»X. Spalding's Black End "Axletree " Bat, Fines! 

straight-grained ash, improved models. Each, 25c. 

No. zX. Spalding's Black End "Antique" Finish Bat. 

Extra quality ash. .... Each, 200. 

No. 4. Spalding's Black End Willow Bat. Highly finished 

and polished, and strongest light wood bal made. 

1, 25c. 
Boys' Bats 

No. 3X. Spalding's Junior League Bat. Extra quality 
ash; lengths 30 and 32 inches. . . Each, 25c. 

No. 2XI:. Spalding's Black End "Antique " Bat. Selected 
asli, polished ami varnished ; length, 31 incl 

Each, ioc. 

No. i". Spalding's Boys' Favorite Ash Hat. Length 31 
inches. ...••• Each, 5c 

If a 1 1 not carry Spalding's 

- name 

and address to us (anil hit, too) for a 

copy of our handsome illustrated catalogue. 



A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



DENVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 







Spalding's 

S~^\1X1 * 1 Athletic 

Official Goods 

Are standard of quality, and are 
recognized as such by all the 
leading organizations control- 
ling ho invarialy adi 
Spalding's goods as tlie Nest 
that can be made. 



bJJ 



■71. 

Q- 
<Xi 

V 



Official League Base Ball 

Foot Ball 
oot Ball 



Official 

Official 



Official Basket Ball 
( Official Indoor Base Ball 
Official Polo Ball 
I Official Athletic Imple'ts 
< )fficial Boxing Gloves 



If a dealer ;does not carry Spalding's 

athletic goods in stock, send your name 

I I us (and bi a 

of our handsome iUn tlogue. 

A. Q SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



DENVER 



CHICAGO